Family Friday

True Toad Family – Bufonidae

Suborder: Neobatrachia
Number of Genera: 52 – Adenomus (2), Altiphrynoides (2), Amazophrynella (7), Anaxyrus (23) (23), Ansonia (31), Atelopus (97), Bufo (17), Bufoides (2), Bufotes (16), Capensibufo(2), Churamiti (1), Dendrophryniscus (10), Didynamipus (1), Duttaphrynus (29), Epidalea (1), Frostius (2), Ghatophryne (2), Incilius 40, Ingerophrynus (12), Laurentophryne (1), Leptophryne (2), Melanophryniscus (30), Mertensophryne (14), Metaphryniscus (1), Nectophryne (2), Nectophrynoides (13), Nimbaphrynoides (1), Oreophrynella (8), Osornophryne (11), Parapelophryne (1), Pedostibes (1), Pelophryne (13), Peltophryne (12), Phrynoidis (2), Poyntonophrynus (10), Pseudobufo (1), Rentapia (2), Rhaebo (13), Rhinella (94), Sabahphrynus (1), Schismaderma (1), Sclerophrys (45), Sigalegalephrynus (2), Strauchbufo (1), Truebella (2), Vandijkophrynus (5), Werneria (6), Wolterstorffina (3), Xanthophryne (2)
Number of Species: 607

Bufonidae is the true toad family. Their most noticeable and recognizable feature is the pair of parotoid glands on their back of their heads. This gland can produce a toxin when the toads are stressed. The males also have Bidder’s Organ, which allows them to turn into females. The family Bufonidae is found on on every continent besides Australia and Antarctica.

The genus Adenomus is native to Sri Lanka.

The genus Altiphrynoides is known as the Ethiopian Toads because they are from Ethiopia.

The genus Amazophrynella is found in the Amazon Basin.

The genus Anaxyrus is found in North America and Central America. The American Toad is an example of a toad in the genus.

The genus Ansonia is known as the Stream toads. They are found in Asia.

The genus Atelopus contains the Harlequin toads.

The genus Bufo is found in Europe and Asia. They are can be referred to as the True Toads.

The genus Bufoides only has two species. They are found in India.

The genus Capensibufo is known as the Cape Toads. They are from South Africa.

The genus Churamiti only has one species in it, the Churamiti maridadi</em. It is found in Tanzania.

The genus Dendrophryniscus is found in the Atlantic Forest in Brazil.

The genus Didynamipus only has one species, the Four Digit Toad (Didynamipus sjostedti). It is found in Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, and Nigeria

The genus Duttaphrynus is named after the Dr. Sushil Kumar Dutta. The members of the family is found in Asia.

The genus Epidalea contains one specie, the Natterjack Toad (Epidalea calamita). It is found throughout Europe and part of Asia.

The genus Frostius was named after Dr. Darrel Frost. The toads are referred to as Frost Toads because of whom they are named after. They are found in Brazil.

The genus Ghatophryne is found in Western Ghats of India.

The genus Incilius is referred to as the Central American toads but they are also found in the United States and South America.

The genus Ingerophrynus is found in Asia.

The genus Laurentophryne only has one species, the Parker’s tree toad (Laurentophryne parkeri). It is found in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The genus Leptophryne is referred to as the tree toads. They are found in Southeast Asia.

The genus Melanophryniscus is known as the South American Red Bellied Toads. They are obviously found in South America.

Mertensophryne is known as the Snouted frogs. They are found in Africa.

The genus Metaphryniscus only has one species, Metaphryniscus sosae.

Nectophryne is known as the African Tree Toads.

Nectophrynoides is known as African living bearing toads. These toads are found in Tanzania.

The Western Nimba Toad(Nimbaphrynoides occidentalis) is the only species in the genus Nimbaphrynoides.

Oreophrynella is known as the bush frogs. It is found in Venezuela and Guyana.

The genus Rhinella is naturally found in Central America and South America. It contains 94 species.

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