The answer to this week’s frog or toad is TOAD. It is a Borean Rainbow Toad (Ansonia latidisca) from the family Bufonidae – the True Toads. Its obviously found in Borneo and is listed as endangered by the IUCN.
Best way to tell its a toad is the dry, warty skin. The parotoid gland is not large enough to be noticed. The members of the genus Ansonia all have a more slender body, and are often called the slender toads.
Happy World Frog Day. It is time to play Frog or Toad where you try your best if you can tell if the anuran I post a picture of is a frog or a toad. If you need some tips read this. Also if you want to know what exactly are the differences between frogs and toads, read this! Answer will be posted tomorrow!
Today, March 20th, is World Frog Day! If its not obvious, I really like frogs and so do you if you are reading my blog! Frogs are currently facing serious threats to their survival currently. From information from the IUCN Red List site, I have made a graph of the conservation status of all the frogs. This graph excludes the categories extinct in the wild and data deficient.
Over a quarter of these frog species are listed as Endangered or Critically Endangered. This is not good and we need to stop these trends. Now let’s see what happens to the graph when we add in species that are listed as data deficient (ones that the IUCN doesn’t have enough info to categorize them).
Around a quarter of frog species we don’t even know their conservation status. We don’t know if we need to help protect them. We need to find out these answers.
For this World Frog Day, why not give to some frog charities such as The Amphibian Foundation, The Honduras Amphibian Rescue and Conservation Center, or Save the Frogs!?
The goal of Herper of the Week is to highlight people from all walks of life who work with reptiles and amphibians and show their work to others. This month, all the Herpers of the Week will be women for Women’s History Month. This week’s Herper is Dr Amanda Zellmer, Assistant Professor of Biology at Occidental College. She leads the Occidental College Computational Biology Lab.
Dr. Amanda Zellmer’s research focuses on the utility and development of computational methods for studying spatial ecological and evolutionary processes, particularly in the context of conservation biology. Her work usually deals with amphibians but has done research on other animals. She also is very interested in urban salamanders and showing that their is wildlife in LA.
She earned her Bachelors of Science from the University of Wisconsin. She earned her Ph.D from the University of Michigan.
Common Name: Siberian Salamander, Dybowski’s Salamander , Manchurian Salamander, and Siberian Newt
Scientific Name: Salamandrella keyserlingii
Location: China, Japan, South Korea, Mongolia, and Russia
Size: around 5 inches
The Siberian Salamander might be the most cold adapt amphibian currently around. It can survive temperatures of -45 °Celsius or -49° Fahrenheit. With this ability, it is the only salamander found in the Arctic circle. It able to survive these conditions by replacing its blood with antifreeze chemicals. The salamander can be frozen for years and be “revived” when it thaws out.
Common Name: Natterjack Toad
Scientific Name: Epidalea calamita
Location: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, and the United Kingdom
Size: 3 inches
The Natterjack Toad is widespread across Europe but rare in the United Kingdom and Ireland. The toad emerges from hibernation around March or April and then starts to breed until the start of summer. They are commonly found in sandy areas.
The answer to this week’s frog or toad is….. FROG. It is a Beddome’s Night Frog (Nyctibatrachus beddomii) from the True Frog family – Ranidae. It is found in the Western Ghats of India.
The Beddome’s Night Frog lacks any warts on its back. It also lacks a parotoid gland behind its eyes. The skin is rather smooth too. That’s how you can tell its a frog.
The goal of Herper of the Week is to highlight people from all walks of life who work with reptiles and amphibians and show their work to others. This month, all the Herpers of the Week will be women for Women’s History Month. This week’s Herper is Priya Nanjappa. She is a Program Manager at the Association of Fish & Wildlife Agencies and also the National Coordinator for Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation (PARC).
At the Association of Fish & Wildlife, Priya directs reptile and amphibian conservation and invasive species policy. She is also the leader of the Response Working Group of the Bsal Task Force, an international team that works to stop the invasive amphibian pathogens from killing all the amphibians.
You can find her on twitter @ThatPARCPriya