Family Friday

Salamanders (Caudata)

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Salamanders are part of a different group of amphibians. The group they belong to is called Caudata. Not all animals in this group are called salamanders, there are also newts, sirens, olms, etc but they are sometimes just lumped into being called salamanders.

The Appalachian Mountains of the United States is the salamander capitol of the world. A third of all salamanders are found in the United States.

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Caudata is broken down into 3 groups of living organisms, Cryptobranchoidea – primitive salamanders, Salamandroidea – advanced salamanders, and Sirenidae – Sirens.
There are 10 living families in Caudata and over 700 species.

Cryptobranchoidea

Cryptobranchidae – Giant Salamanders

Chinese Giant Salamander (Andrias davidianus)
Hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis)
Japanese Giant Salamander (Andrias japonicus)

Hynobiidae – Asiatic Salamanders

Fischer’s Clawed Salamander (Onychodactylus fischeri)
Siberian Salamander (Salamandrella keyserlingii)

Salamandroidea

Ambystomatidae– Mole Salamanders

Spotted Salamander (Ambystoma maculatum)
Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum)
Eastern Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum)

Amphiumidae – Amphiumas

Two Toed Amphiuma (Amphiuma means)

Dicamptodontidae – Pacific Giant Salamander

Coastal Giant Salamander (Dicamptodon tenebrosus)

Plethodontidae – Lungless Salamanders

Four toed Salamander (Hemidactylium scutatum)
Red Salamander (Pseudotriton ruber)
Korean Crevice Salamander (Karsenia koreana)
Green Salamander (Aneides aeneus)
Tennessee Cave Salamander (Gyrinophilus palleucus)

Proteidae – Mud puppies and Olms

Olm (Proteus anguinus)
Common Mudpuppy (Necturus maculosus)

Rhyacotritonidae – Torrent Salamanders

Cascade Torrent Salamander (Rhyacotriton cascadae)

Salamandridae – True Salamanders and Newts

Fire Salamander (Salamandra salamandra)
Eastern Newt (Notophthalmus viridescens)
Rough Skinned Newt (Taricha granulosa)
Laos Warty Newt (Laotriton laoensis)
Northern Spectacled Salamander (Salamandrina perspicillata)

Sirenoidea

Sirenidae – Sirens

Southern Dwarf Siren (Pseudobranchus axanthus)
Greater Siren (Siren lacertina)
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