Common Name: Cameroon Reed Frog
Scientific Name: Hyperolious camerunensis
Size: .8 inches to 1.1 inches (21-28 mm) for males, 1 to 1.2 inches (27-32.5 mm)females
Cameroon Reed Frog is found in central Cameroon. They have two different phases. The one up front with the red dots and grayish yellow color and the green phase below. The males usually have the coloration at the bottom and the females have the one at the top but there has been males found with the female coloration.
Common Name: Emei Moustache Toad
Scientific Name: Leptobrachium boringii
Size: male 3 inches (75 mm) while females are 2.6 inches (67 mm)
The Emei Mustache Toad is only found in China. They are named after their mustache which is actually small keratinized nuptial spines that grow on the male toads during the mating season. The males are also larger than the females which is not the norm in frogs. The keratinized nuptial spines and the larger body size help the males because they fight each other for a chance to mate with a female. After breeding, both the males and females watch the eggs.
here’s a video of a fight
Common Name: Golden Poison Dart Frog
Scientific Name: Phyllobates terribilis
Size: Males 45 mm (1.77 inches) and Females 47 (1.8 inches)
The Golden Poison Dart frog is on of the most poisonous frogs in the world. It is estimated that a single one of the frogs has enough poison to kill 10-20 people. These poison dart frogs are diurnal meaning they are active during the day.
The Golden Poison Dart Frogs lay their eggs on land in clutches and later, the males move the eggs to water on its back.
Common Name: Turkeit Hill Frog
Scientific Name: Allophryne ruthveni
Location: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela
Size: .8 (20.6 mm) inches max for male and 1.04 inches or 26.6 mm for females
The Turkeit Hill frog is a quite small frog species. They are semi-arboreal meaning they spend some times in the trees and some on the ground. Some researchers believe that it should be in the Glass Frog family – Centrolenidae while others believe it should be in what I listed – Allophyrnidae.
Common Name: Western Spadefoot Toad
Scientific Name: Spea hammondii
Location: Mexico and the United States
US Location: California
Size: 2.5 inches or 65mm
The Western Spadefoot toad is found only in California. They are fossorial toads meaning they are burrowers. Female Western Spadefoot toads lay over 500 eggs at a time.
Common Name: Mexican Burrowing Toad
Scientific Name: Rhinophrynus dorsalis
Country Location: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and the United States
United States Locations: Texas
Size: 3.1 inches or 8 cm
The Mexico Burrowing Toad is the only species in the family Rhinophyrnidae. It is found throughout Central America and up to the tip of Texas. As their name says, they are burrowing toads that live underground during the dry season.
Common Name: Eastern Narrowed Mouth Toad
Scientific Name: Gastrophryne carolinensis
Location:Countries: United States Introduced: Bahamas, Cayman Islands, and Puerto Rico
States: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia
Size:2.1 inches or 53 mm
The Eastern Narrowed Mouth Toad is found in South-eastern United States. Males can be distinguished from females because their throats are dark and highly pigmented while the female’s throat doesn’t have this coloring. Interesting fact, the tadpoles of the toad are filter feeders of plankton.