Category Archives: Frog of the Week

Giant Squeaker Frog (Arthroleptis krokosua)

giant squaker
CR

Common Name: Giant Squeaker Frog or Krokosua Squeaker Frog
Scientific Name: Arthroleptis krokosua
Family: Arthroleptidae
Location: Ghana
Size: 1.69 inches or 43 mm

The Giant Squeaker Frog is an incredibly rare frog. There are only around 30 individual frogs known left. The forests of Ghana have been damaged heavily from illegal mining and logging. Also an invasive plant called Chromolaena odorata is changing the ecosystem for the frogs there.

Save the Frogs! Ghana is currently working to save these wonderful frogs.

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Yellow Bellied Toad (Bombina variegata)

yellowbelliedtoad
leastconcern

Photo by Christian Fischer, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=184528

Common Name: Yellow Bellied Toad
Scientific Name: Bombina variegata
Family: Bombinatoridae
Location: : Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Republic of, Montenegro, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, and Ukraine
Size: 1.3 inches to 2.1 inches or 35-55 mm

The Yellow Bellied Toad is found in Europe. Like the Fire Bellied Toad, they have a brightly colored stomach to show off that they are toxic but its yellow on the bottom.

The Yellow Bellied Toad can live a long time – 15 years in the wild and more than 20 in captivity. They live this long because water can be scarce in their environment so they need more time to breed.

Morogoro Tree Toad (Nectophrynoides viviparus)

2050

vulnerable

Common Name: Morogoro Tree Toad
Scientific Name: Nectophrynoides viviparus
Family: Bufonidae
Location: Tanzania
Size: 2.4 inches or 6 cm

The Morogoro Tree Toad is one of the only toads or frogs that perform internal fertilization. They are also ovoviviparous so the toads develop in eggs on the inside and hatch as toadlets. They do not need water to breed.

It is threatened by habitat loss for agriculture so its listed as Vulnerable.

Malagasy Rainbow Frog (Scaphiophryne gottlebei)

rainbowfrog
endangered

Common Names: Malagasy Rainbow Frog, Ornate Hopper, Rainbow Burrowing Frog, Red Rain Frog, and Gottlebe’s Narrow-Mouthed Frog.
Scientific Name: Scaphiophryne gottlebei
Family: Microhylidae
Location: Madagascar
Size: 1.2 to 1.6 inches (30 to 40 mm) for females and 0.8 to 1.2 inches (20 to 30 mm) for males.

The Malagasy Rainbow Frog is a colorful frog that has a unique in that it has the ability to burrow into the ground and also climb up vertical rock walls thanks to claws in its front limbs. This is different than tree frogs that use the pads on its fingers to climb. They often live on the holes in cliffs.

It is currently listed as endangered because of over-harvesting for the pet trade, habitat degradation, timber extraction, and mining.

Cameroon Reed Frog (Hyperolius camerunensis)

reedfrog
leastconcern

Common Name: Cameroon Reed Frog
Scientific Name: Hyperolious camerunensis
Family: Hyperoliidae
Location: Cameroon
Size: .8 inches to 1.1 inches (21-28 mm) for males, 1 to 1.2 inches (27-32.5 mm)females

Cameroon Reed Frog is found in central Cameroon. They have two different phases. The one up front with the red dots and grayish yellow color and the green phase below.  The males usually have the coloration at the bottom and the females have the one at the top but there has been males found with the female coloration.

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Emei moustache toad (Leptobrachium boringii)

moustachetoad

endangered

Common Name: Emei Moustache Toad
Scientific Name: Leptobrachium boringii
Family: Megophryidae
Location: China
Size: male 3 inches (75 mm) while females are 2.6 inches (67 mm)

The Emei Mustache Toad is only found in China. They are named after their mustache which is actually small keratinized nuptial spines that grow on the male toads during the mating season. The males are also larger than the females which is not the norm in frogs. The keratinized nuptial spines and the larger body size help the males because they fight each other for a chance to mate with a female. After breeding, both the males and females watch the eggs.

here’s a video of a fight

Golden Poison Dart Frog (Phyllobates terribilis)

goldenpoison
endangered

Common Name: Golden Poison Dart Frog
Scientific Name: Phyllobates terribilis
Family: Dendrobatidae
Location: Colombia
Size: Males 45 mm (1.77 inches) and Females 47 (1.8 inches)

The Golden Poison Dart frog is on of the most poisonous frogs in the world. It is estimated that a single one of the frogs has enough poison to kill 10-20 people. These poison dart frogs are diurnal meaning they are active during the day.

The Golden Poison Dart Frogs lay their eggs on land in clutches and later, the males move the eggs to water on its back.

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