Frog of the Week

Common Coquí (Eleutherodactylus coqui)

Common_Coquí
leastconcern

Common Name: Common Coquí, Puerto Rican Coquí
Scientific Name: (Eleutherodactylus coqui)
Family: Eleutherodactylidae
Native Location:Puerto Rico
Introduced Location: Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Virgin Islands, Hawaii, and Florida
Size: Male are 1.1 inches to 1.4 inches (30 to 37 mm)  while females grow from 1.4 to 2 inches (36 to 52 mm)

The Common Coquí is one of the loudest frogs in the world. The male call is as loud as a lawn mower or jack hammer. The name of the frog is also from their call because that’s the sound the male makes. Their call is used to attract females and to warn off males from coming into their territory. A male can approach and then they battle it out with song to see who gets the land.

The Coquí has been introduced to other areas where they are causing problems for native wildlife and people. Their sounds piss people off and to make matters worse, they breed year long.

After breeding, the males protect the eggs until they hatch into full grown froglets, skipping the tadpole stage. The eggs are laid on palm trees or other plants. They even use bird nests to lay their eggs.

Image by United States Department of Agriculture – en.wiki, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1850660
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Frog of the Week

Dusky Gopher Frog (Lithobates sevosus)

duskygopher
Image from Glen Johnson / U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

CR

Common Name: Dusky Gopher Frog, Mississippi Gopher Frog
Scientific Name: Lithobates sevosus
Family: Ranidae – True Frogs
Location: Mississippi
Size: 3 inches or 8 cm

The Mississippi Gopher frog is a critically endangered frog in the United States and is listed under the Endangered Species Act. It was found throughout the southeast but now they can only be found in Glen’s Pond in Harrison County, Mississippi. The Mississippi Gopher Frog used to be considered a subspecies of the regular Gopher Frog

Frog of the Week

Iberian Parsley Frog (Pelodytes ibericus)

parsleyfrog

By Benny Trapp – Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12532472

leastconcern

Common Name: Iberian Parsley Frog, Sapillo Moteado Ibérico in Spanish
Scientific Name:Pelodytes ibericus
Family:Pelodytidae
Location: Spain and Portugal
Size: 1.5 inches or 39.5 mm for males, 1.6 inches or 41.5 mm for females

The Iberian Parsley frog is found obviously in the Iberian Peninsula. It’s called a parsley frog because of the green parsley looking spots on its skin. Males have darker throats than females.

Frog of the Week

Mediterranean Painted Frog (Discoglossus pictus)

medpaintedfrog
Image By Fabrizio Li Vigni <fabrizio_livigni@hotmail.com> – http://www.herp.it/indexjs.htm?SpeciesPages/DiscoPictu.htm, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1164519
leastconcern

Common Names: Mediterranean Painted Frog, Painted Frog, Discoglosse peint, Gemalter scheibenzüngler, Sapillo pintojo, Rana dipinta, Granota pintada, Gripau granoter, Malet frø, Kirju ketaskeelkonn, Apo pintatua, Discoglosso dipinto, Schijftongkikker, Kirjosammakko, Skivtunggroda
Scientific Name: Discoglossus pictus
Family: Alytidae
Location: Algeria, France, Italy, Malta, Morocco, Spain, and Tunisia
Size: 2.7 inches or 70 mm

The Mediterranean Painted Frog is known for its bright colors. The species spans over 2 different continents – Africa and Europe but only separated by the Mediterranean Sea. Its a fairly typical frog.

The Mediterranean Painted Frog has a few subspecies.

D. pictus pictus is found in Gozo, Malta, and Sicily.
D. pictus auritus is found in Algeria and Tunisia.

Frog of the Week

Horned Marsupial Frog (Gastrotheca cornuta)

horned marsupial frog

Photo By brian.gratwicke – Gastrotheca cornuta – puppy-dog pose, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=20397180

endangered
Common Name: Horned Marsupial Frog
Scientific Name: Gastrotheca cornuta
Family: Hemiphractidae
Location:Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, and Panama
Size: 2.8 to 3.1 inches or 7 to 8 cm

The Horned Marsupial Frog is a nocturnal species of frogs that live high in the canopy in rain forests. These frogs never have to leave the trees because they don’t lay their eggs in the water. The female Horned Marsupial frogs actually carry their eggs in a poach on the back, which is why they are named after marsupials.

They are listed as endangered because of Chytrid Fungus and habitat lose.

Frog of the Week

Giant Squeaker Frog (Arthroleptis krokosua)

giant squaker
CR

Common Name: Giant Squeaker Frog or Krokosua Squeaker Frog
Scientific Name: Arthroleptis krokosua
Family: Arthroleptidae
Location: Ghana
Size: 1.69 inches or 43 mm

The Giant Squeaker Frog is an incredibly rare frog. There are only around 30 individual frogs known left. The forests of Ghana have been damaged heavily from illegal mining and logging. Also an invasive plant called Chromolaena odorata is changing the ecosystem for the frogs there.

Save the Frogs! Ghana is currently working to save these wonderful frogs.

Frog of the Week

Yellow Bellied Toad (Bombina variegata)

yellowbelliedtoad
leastconcern

Photo by Christian Fischer, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=184528

Common Name: Yellow Bellied Toad
Scientific Name: Bombina variegata
Family: Bombinatoridae
Location: : Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Republic of, Montenegro, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, and Ukraine
Size: 1.3 inches to 2.1 inches or 35-55 mm

The Yellow Bellied Toad is found in Europe. Like the Fire Bellied Toad, they have a brightly colored stomach to show off that they are toxic but its yellow on the bottom.

The Yellow Bellied Toad can live a long time – 15 years in the wild and more than 20 in captivity. They live this long because water can be scarce in their environment so they need more time to breed.

Frog of the Week

Morogoro Tree Toad (Nectophrynoides viviparus)

2050

vulnerable

Common Name: Morogoro Tree Toad
Scientific Name: Nectophrynoides viviparus
Family: Bufonidae
Location: Tanzania
Size: 2.4 inches or 6 cm

The Morogoro Tree Toad is one of the only toads or frogs that perform internal fertilization. They are also ovoviviparous so the toads develop in eggs on the inside and hatch as toadlets. They do not need water to breed.

It is threatened by habitat loss for agriculture so its listed as Vulnerable.

Frog of the Week

Malagasy Rainbow Frog (Scaphiophryne gottlebei)

rainbowfrog
endangered

Common Names: Malagasy Rainbow Frog, Ornate Hopper, Rainbow Burrowing Frog, Red Rain Frog, and Gottlebe’s Narrow-Mouthed Frog.
Scientific Name: Scaphiophryne gottlebei
Family: Microhylidae
Location: Madagascar
Size: 1.2 to 1.6 inches (30 to 40 mm) for females and 0.8 to 1.2 inches (20 to 30 mm) for males.

The Malagasy Rainbow Frog is a colorful frog that has a unique in that it has the ability to burrow into the ground and also climb up vertical rock walls thanks to claws in its front limbs. This is different than tree frogs that use the pads on its fingers to climb. They often live on the holes in cliffs.

It is currently listed as endangered because of over-harvesting for the pet trade, habitat degradation, timber extraction, and mining.

Frog of the Week

Cameroon Reed Frog (Hyperolius camerunensis)

reedfrog
leastconcern

Common Name: Cameroon Reed Frog
Scientific Name: Hyperolious camerunensis
Family: Hyperoliidae
Location: Cameroon
Size: .8 inches to 1.1 inches (21-28 mm) for males, 1 to 1.2 inches (27-32.5 mm)females

Cameroon Reed Frog is found in central Cameroon. They have two different phases. The one up front with the red dots and grayish yellow color and the green phase below.  The males usually have the coloration at the bottom and the females have the one at the top but there has been males found with the female coloration.

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