Frog of the Week

Colorado River Toad (Incilius alvarius)

colaradorivertoad
Image from Thevelvetknight

leastconcern
Common Name: Colorado River Toad, Sonoran Desert Toad
Scientific Name: Incilius alvarius
Family: Bufonidae
Location: United States (Arizona, California, New Mexico) and Mexico
Size: 7.3 inches or 187 mm

The Colorado River Toad is the largest native toad species in the United States, the Cane Toad is larger but its not native. The toad is more famous for the fact that it’s psychoactive because it produces 5-MeO-DMT and Bufotenin which are hallucinogens. These drugs are illegal to posses, distribute, buy, or manufacture in the USA. Possession of the toad is not illegal but the police can arrest if they believe you own them for making drugs. It’s also illegal to take the toad from the wild in California and New Mexico.

 

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Frog of the Week

Rabb’s Fringe-limbed Treefrog (Ecnomiohyla rabborum)

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Common Name: Rabb’s Fringe-Limbed Tree Frog
Scientific Name: Ecnomiohyla rabborum
Family: Hylidae
Location: Panama
Size: Males: 2.4 to 3.8 inches or 62 to 97 mm Females: 2.4 to 3.9 inches or 61 to 100 mm

The Rabb’s Fringe-limbed Tree frog was a relatively new species discovered, only being found in 2005. It was named in honor of George Rabb and Mary Rabb. After its discovery, the frog was listed as critically endangered because dwindling populations caused by chytrid fungus. Some frogs were collected to attempt the captive breed them. Sadly that failed. The Rabb’s Fringe-limbed Tree Frog went extinct when the last known frog – Toughie, died at the Atlanta Botanical Garden on September 26th, 2016.

Besides the sadness from the loss of a species, the Rabb’s Fringe-limbed Tree Frog was really neat. The male frogs would grow spines on their hands during the breeding season. Males and females would breed in water filled tree holes. Males would watch over the eggs in the tree. Males would also back into the holes at night and let the tadpoles eat some of its skin, similar to what caecillians do. The Rabb’s Fringe-limbed Frog was the one species to do this that we know of.

Frog of the Week

Tusked Frog (Adelotus brevis)

tuskedfrog
Image By User: Tnarg 12345

nearthreatened
Common Name: Tusked Frog
Scientific Name: Adelotus brevis
Family: Myobatrachidae
Location: Australia
Size: 1.9 inches or 50 mm for males while 1.5 inches or 40 mm for females

The Tusked Frog is named after bony structures on its lower jaw that look like tusks. Both males and females have these tusks but males have larger ones.

Adelotus_tusks
CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2747243

Males fight over females, often locking jaws with each other using their tusks. Females try to select the largest males to breed with. After the female selects a male, males and females lay their eggs in a foam nest. They can lay over 600 eggs in a nest. The male then guards the eggs until they hatch. Females probably selected larger males for breeding because they are better at protecting their nest.

The Tusked Frog is listed as Near Threatened. Dead Tusked Frogs infected with Chytrid Fungus have been found. Hopefully, we can stop Chytrid Fungus before it kills them off.

Frog of the Week

Dyeing Poison Dart Frog (Dendrobates tinctorius)

1280px-Dendrobates.tinctorius.7037
By CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=620931
leastconcern

Common Name: Dyeing Poison Dart Frog
Scientific Name: Dendrobates tinctorius
Family: Dendrobatidae
Location: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, and Suriname
Size: 2 inches or 50 mm

The Dying Poison Dart Frog gets its named from legends of the members of the tribes of the Amazon were able to change the colors of a parrot’s feathers from green to red by rubbing a live frog on the parrot’s skin. This dying gave it the name.

The Dying Poison Dart Frog is very popular in the pet trade industry because of its bright colors, large size for a dart frog, and its hardiness. They can live up to 15 years in captivity. They are not dangerous in captivity because their poison comes from their diet.

The Dying Poison Dart Frog comes in a variety of morphs. One of the most popular morphs is the azureus morph pictured below. The morph used to be considered its own species.

Tinctorius_Azureus
By MarcusBar – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6985813

The Dying Poison Dart Frogs are good parents just like most of the other Poison dart frogs. After mating and laying the eggs, the male and sometimes the female watches over the nest. Then after the eggs hatch, the tadpoles are transporeted on the backs of the parents to water inside bromeliads.

 

Frog of the Week

Rose’s Ghost Frog (Heleophryne rosei)

1687713065 CR
Common Name: Rose’s Ghost Frog, Table Mountain Ghost Frog
Scientific Name: Heleophryne rosei
Family: Heleophrynidae
Location:South America
Size:2.3 inches or 60 mm for females and 1.9 inches or 50 mm for males

The Rose’s Ghost frog is located in a small area on the Table Mountain in South Africa. They are threatened by non-native pine trees, frequent fires, and water removal from their streams.

PC: Vincent Carruthers

Frog of the Week

Ice Frog (Amietia vertebralis)

icefrog.png
leastconcern Common Name: Ice Frog, Large-Mouthed Frog, Maluti River Frog
Scientific Name: Amietia vertebralis
Family: Pyxicephalidae
Location: Lesotho and South Africa
Size: 6 inches or 150 mm

The Ice Frog lives high in the mountains from 1500 and 3300 meters high. It gets its name because its tadpoles are often seen swimming beneath the ice. They are mostly aquatic species spending their life mostly in the water.

PC: Davies J, 2014

Frog of the Week

Common Coquí (Eleutherodactylus coqui)

Common_Coquí
leastconcern

Common Name: Common Coquí, Puerto Rican Coquí
Scientific Name: (Eleutherodactylus coqui)
Family: Eleutherodactylidae
Native Location:Puerto Rico
Introduced Location: Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Virgin Islands, Hawaii, and Florida
Size: Male are 1.1 inches to 1.4 inches (30 to 37 mm)  while females grow from 1.4 to 2 inches (36 to 52 mm)

The Common Coquí is one of the loudest frogs in the world. The male call is as loud as a lawn mower or jack hammer. The name of the frog is also from their call because that’s the sound the male makes. Their call is used to attract females and to warn off males from coming into their territory. A male can approach and then they battle it out with song to see who gets the land.

The Coquí has been introduced to other areas where they are causing problems for native wildlife and people. Their sounds piss people off and to make matters worse, they breed year long.

After breeding, the males protect the eggs until they hatch into full grown froglets, skipping the tadpole stage. The eggs are laid on palm trees or other plants. They even use bird nests to lay their eggs.

Image by United States Department of Agriculture – en.wiki, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1850660
Frog of the Week

Dusky Gopher Frog (Lithobates sevosus)

duskygopher
Image from Glen Johnson / U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

CR

Common Name: Dusky Gopher Frog, Mississippi Gopher Frog
Scientific Name: Lithobates sevosus
Family: Ranidae – True Frogs
Location: Mississippi
Size: 3 inches or 8 cm

The Mississippi Gopher frog is a critically endangered frog in the United States and is listed under the Endangered Species Act. It was found throughout the southeast but now they can only be found in Glen’s Pond in Harrison County, Mississippi. The Mississippi Gopher Frog used to be considered a subspecies of the regular Gopher Frog

Frog of the Week

Iberian Parsley Frog (Pelodytes ibericus)

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By Benny Trapp – Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12532472

leastconcern

Common Name: Iberian Parsley Frog, Sapillo Moteado Ibérico in Spanish
Scientific Name:Pelodytes ibericus
Family:Pelodytidae
Location: Spain and Portugal
Size: 1.5 inches or 39.5 mm for males, 1.6 inches or 41.5 mm for females

The Iberian Parsley frog is found obviously in the Iberian Peninsula. It’s called a parsley frog because of the green parsley looking spots on its skin. Males have darker throats than females.

Frog of the Week

Mediterranean Painted Frog (Discoglossus pictus)

medpaintedfrog
Image By Fabrizio Li Vigni <fabrizio_livigni@hotmail.com> – http://www.herp.it/indexjs.htm?SpeciesPages/DiscoPictu.htm, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1164519
leastconcern

Common Names: Mediterranean Painted Frog, Painted Frog, Discoglosse peint, Gemalter scheibenzüngler, Sapillo pintojo, Rana dipinta, Granota pintada, Gripau granoter, Malet frø, Kirju ketaskeelkonn, Apo pintatua, Discoglosso dipinto, Schijftongkikker, Kirjosammakko, Skivtunggroda
Scientific Name: Discoglossus pictus
Family: Alytidae
Location: Algeria, France, Italy, Malta, Morocco, Spain, and Tunisia
Size: 2.7 inches or 70 mm

The Mediterranean Painted Frog is known for its bright colors. The species spans over 2 different continents – Africa and Europe but only separated by the Mediterranean Sea. Its a fairly typical frog.

The Mediterranean Painted Frog has a few subspecies.

D. pictus pictus is found in Gozo, Malta, and Sicily.
D. pictus auritus is found in Algeria and Tunisia.