Frog of the Week

Chubby Frog (Kaloula pulchra)

ChubbyFrog_03
photo by Firereptiles

leastconcern
Common Name: Chubby Frog, Banded Bullfrog, Asian Painted Frog
Scientific Name: Kaloula pulchra
Family: Microhylidae
Location: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam
Size: 3 inches

The Chubby Frog is a common frog in the pet trade. They are a hardy species which makes them easy to take care of for beginners. They are nocturnal though so don’t expect that much movement from them during the day. They also enjoy burrowing into the substrate of their enclosures. They can produce a sticky secretion when they are threatened. It is not poisonous but doesn’t taste great. The Chubby Frog has been introduced to other countries and have maintained stable populations.

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Frog of the Week

Mallorcan Midwife Toad (Alytes muletensis)

Alytes_muletensis
photo by tuurio and wallie

vulnerable
Common Name: Mallorcan Midwife Toad
Scientific Name: Alytes muletensis
Family: Alytidae
Location: Spain
Size: 1.5 inches or 38 mm

The Mallorcan Midwife Toad is only found on the island of Mallorca in Spain. Interestingly, the toad was originally discovered from a fossil and then after two years, the first living ones were found. Like other Midwife Toads, the male toads carry around their eggs until they hatch. It is how they got their name. Chytrid Fungus and Invasive animals that have been brought to the island from the mainland has devastated the populations of the Mallorcan Midwife Toad. The future doesn’t look great for these toads.

Frog of the Week

Tiger-striped Leaf Frog (Phyllomedusa tomopterna)

Phyllomedusa tomopterna,Makifrosch, Tiger-striped leaf frog
photo by  Frank Teigler

leastconcern
Common Name: Tiger-striped Leaf Frog
Scientific Name: Phyllomedusa tomopterna
Family: Hylidae
Location: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela
Size: 2.3 inches or 60 mm

The Tiger-striped Leaf Frog is a beautiful frog found in the Amazon Rain Forest. These frogs are arboreal (living in trees) and nocturnal (active during the night). Since they live in trees, they also reproduce in the trees and lay their eggs on leaves hanging over pools of water. Once the eggs hatch, the tadpoles drop into the water where they stay until they fully complete their metamorphosis.

Frog of the Week

Pouched Frog (Assa darlingtoni)

Assa_darlingtoni
photo by Hexasoft

leastconcern
Common Name: Pouched Frog, Hip-pocket Frog, Marsupial Frog
Scientific Name: Assa darlingtoni
Family: Myobatrachidae
Location: Australia
Size: 1 inch

The Pouched Frog is found in eastern Australia near Brisbane. Pouched Frogs lay around 10 eggs at a time. Once the eggs start to hatch, the male frogs come close to the tadpoles and let them slide into their pouches on their side. The tadpoles stay their for two months and then emerge as little frogs.

Frog of the Week

Eastern Gray Tree Frog (Hyla versicolor)

GrayTreeFrog
leastconcern
Common Name: Eastern Gray Tree Frog
Scientific Name: Hyla versicolor
Family: Hylidae
Location: Canada and the United States of America
US Location: Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, and West Virginia.
Size: around 2 inches

The Eastern Gray Tree Frog is a common tree frog found along the eastern United States and Canada. The Eastern Gray Tree Frog is not always gray, it can also be green because they change their color based on their environment. The Eastern Gray Tree Frog is identical to the Cope’s Gray Tree Frog except for the call and the number of chromosomes.

 

Frog of the Week, Uncategorized

Santa Cecilia Cochran Frog (Teratohyla midas)

Cochranella_Midas
photo by Brakis Art Gallery

leastconcern
Common Name: Santa Cecilia Cochran Frog
Scientific Name:  Teratohyla midas
Family: Centrolenidae
Location: Brazil, Ecuador, French Guiana, and Peru
Size: 1 inch

The Santa Cecilia Cochran Frog’s scientific name Teratohyla midas refers to King Midas, whose touch turns everything to gold. The frog has golden dots on its body and it is found along the Aguarico River, a river that has gold in it.

The Santa Cecilia Cochran Frog is similar to most glass frogs (besides being transparent) in that they lay their eggs on leaves overhanging rivers. The eggs eventually hatch and the tadpoles fall into the rivers.

Frog of the Week

Common Parsley Frog (Pelodytes punctatus)

photo by Teuteul

leastconcern
Common Name: Common Parsley Frog
Scientific Name: Pelodytes punctatus
Family: Pelodytidae
Location: Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, and Spain
Size: 1.7 inches / 4.5 cm

The Common Parsley Frog isn’t that common anymore. Populations all over have been declining and most of the countries that they live in have declared them at risk. The destruction of their habitat (wetlands being drained, desertification, habitat fragmentation, etc) is one of the major causes of the decline. Introduction of non native fish and crayfish haven’t helped either.

Frog of the Week

Green and Black Poison Dart Frog (Dendrobates auratus)

 

greenblackpdf.jpg
photo by Brian Gratwicke

leastconcern

Common Name: Green Poison Dart Frog, Green and Black Poison Dart Frog
Scientific Name: Dendrobates auratus
Family: Dendrobatidae
Native Locations:  Colombia, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Panama
Introduced Location: United States – Hawaii
Size:  females – 1.6 inches / 42 mm, males  – 1.5 inches / 39 mm

The Green and Black Poison Dart Frog is a very popular pet frog because of its bright colors and being diurnal (active during the day).  The frog is poisonous in its native habitat but in captivity, it is not since the poison comes from their diet. Not all Green and Black Poison Dart Frogs are green, they can also be blueish in color.  Poison Dart Frogs are one of the harder types of frogs to keep as a pet, so do not buy them unless you have experience.

Like other members of the genus Dendrobates, the Green Poison Dart Frog males provide parental care for their offspring. The males rotate the eggs and remove fungus on them until they hatch into tadpoles. Then the males transport the tadpoles on his back to new bodies of water.

 

Frog of the Week

Northern Leopard Frog (Lithobates pipiens)

IMG_0463

leastconcern

Common Name: Northern Leopard Frog
Scientific Name: Lithobates / Rana pipiens
Family: Ranidae
Location: United States and Canada
Size: 4.3 inches

The Northern Leopard Frog used to be a incredibly common frog in the USA and Canada but human activities have decreased their numbers. Pesticides, pollution, habitat destruction, and the spread of diseases are some of the reasons why their numbers aren’t what they used to be.  The Northern Leopard Frog gets its name from the spots on its body. The frog can vary in color from bright green to a brown color.

 

 

Frog of the Week

Common Toad (Bufo bufo)

1280px-Common_toad_(Bufo_bufo)_Kampinos
photo from https://www.sharpphotography.co.uk/

leastconcern
Common Name: Common Toad
Scientific Name: Bufo bufo
Family: Bufonidae
Location: Europe
Size: 6 inches

The Common Toad is found almost everywhere in Europe besides on some islands such as Iceland and Ireland. The Common Toad is kind of your standard toad. They are highly terrestrial besides during breeding season where they migrate to ponds to breed. Breeding usually takes place in spring when the toads wake up from hibernation.