Frogs of the World

Frogs and Toads of Manitoba, Canada

Frogs and Toads of Manitoba, Canada

Frogs

True Frog family – Ranidae

Wood Frog (Lithobates sylvaticus)

The Wood Frog is known for the mask around its eyes. Its found throughout the province.

Northern Leopard Frog (Lithobates pipiens)

The Northern Leopard Frog has large dark spots all over its body. They have a complete dorsal ridge.

Green Frog (Lithobates clamitans)

The Green Frog’s dorsal ridge is incomplete and doesn’t reach its butt.

Mink Frog (Lithobates septentrionalis)

The Mink Frog’s dorsal ridge is absent or weak.

Tree Frog family – Hylidae

Cope’s Gray Tree Frog (Hyla chrysoscelis) and Eastern Gray Tree Frog (Hyla versicolor)

The Cope’s Gray Tree Frog and Eastern Gray Tree Frog are nearly identical. The only differences are their calls and chromosome number.s

Spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer)

The Spring Peeper has a distinct X shape on its back. It is one of the first frogs to start calling during spring.

Boreal Chorus Frog (Pseudacris maculata)

The Boreal Chorus Frog has three stripes that run down its back.

Toads

True Toad family – Bufonidae

American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

The American Toad’s cranial crest forms opposing L shapes.

Great Plains Toad (Anaxyrus cognatus)

The Great Plains Toad’s cranial crest forms a V shape between the eyes.

Spadefoot Toad family – Scaphiopodidae

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Plains Spadefoot Toad (Spea bombifrons)

The Plains Spadefoot toad is the only spadefoot toad in the province. Look at the rear foot of the toad and you will find a keratinized spade on it which no other toad or frog in the province has.

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