Can you tell if this is a frog or a toad? Try to make a guess below! If you need some tips read this. Also if you want to know what exactly are the differences between frogs and toads, read this! Answer will be posted tomorrow!
Common Name: Túngara Frog
Scientific Name: Engystomops pustulosus
Location: Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela
Size: 1.4 inches or 35 mm
The Túngara Frog is found throughout all of Central America down to South America. The frog is often studied because of their complex mate selection. Females don’t always select the “best” mate choice. You can read more in this article.
Túngara Frogs breed year round in whatever body of water they can find. Males call to the females while floating in these bodies of water. Once the female selects a mate, they move close to shore and make a lay their eggs in a foam nest that they make. These foam nests help protect the eggs from drying out.
The answer to this week’s frog or toad is…. TOAD. It is a Yosemite Toad (Anaxyrus canorus) from the True Toad family – Bufonidae. It is only found in California in the USA.
Best way to identify that it’s a toad is the paratoid gland behind its eye. It also has a short stubby toad like body but that’s not the best way.
Common Name: Smoky Jungle Frog
Scientific Name: Leptodactylus pentadactylus
Location: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru, and Suriname
Size: 7.2 inches / 185 mm
The Smoky Jungle Frog is one of the largest frogs in the world, with females reaching over 7 inches long while males are slightly smaller. The frogs have a long life span that can reach over 15 years.
Mating takes place during the rainy months. Females form foam nests that the eggs are laid into to protect them from the environment. Not all eggs are fertilized, when the tadpoles emerge, they eat the unfertilized eggs.
The super power of the Smoky Jungle Frog is its anti predator defense system where its able to secrete vast amounts of mucus when attacked. Besides the mucus being gross, it is also toxic so any predator won’t want to eat them.
Common Name: Blyth’s River Frog, Giant Asian River Frog, or Blyth’s Wart Frog
Scientific Name: Limnonectes blythii
Location: Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam
Size: females can real 10.2 inches / 25.9 cm while males only reach 4.9 inches / 12.4 cm long
The Blyth’s River Frog is the largest frog in all of Asia. Their large size has its downsides, as people over harvested them for food as they can weigh more than 2 pounds.
The courtship behavior of Blyth’s River Frog is different. Instead of males calling for the females, the females call. The male also creates a hollow in the stream for the females to lay their eggs.
Common Name: Ornate Horned Frog, Bell’s Horned Frog, and Argentina Horned Frog
Scientific Name: Ceratophrys ornata
Location: Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay
Max Size: 6.5 inches for females, 4.5 for males
The Ornate Horned Frog is part of the Horned Frog family which are often called the Pacman Frogs. They resemble Pacman because their heads are most of their body and they love to eat. The Ornate Horned Frog is pretty common in the pet trade and they are fairly easy to take care of.
The Ornate Horned Frog is a sit and wait predator. In the wild, they bury part of themselves and wait for prey to walk in front of them. They spend most of their life like this.
When fall and winter comes, the frog burrows down into the ground where it then creates a cocoon-like structure to keep in moisture and heat. It stays below the ground until spring. During the spring time, the frogs mate and lay their eggs in temporary pools of water. Interestingly, the tadpoles of the Ornate Horned Frog can make distress calls in and out of water. It’s the first known vertebrate larval form that can make sounds.
The Ornate Horned Frog is listed as Near Threatened. Their habitat is destroyed to make ways for farms and villages. If their habitat isn’t destroyed for farms or villages, pollution from nearby villages and farms harm their habitat.