Frogs by Country

Frogs and Toads of Canada

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Canada is home to a good number of frogs and toads from several different families. Check out the links to find what frogs and toads live in each province.

Yukon, Northwest Territory, and Nunavut

British Columbia

Alberta

Manitoba

Quebec

Ontario

New Brunswick

Nova Scotia

Newfoundland and Labrador

Prince Edward Island

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Frogs by Country

Frogs and Toads of Quebec, Canada

Frogs and Toads of Quebec, Canada

Frogs

True Frog Family – Ranidae

Mink Frog

The Mink Frog does not have a dorsal ridge or barely has one. Its back is spotted or marbled.

American Bullfrog

The American Bullfrog is the largest frog in the country. It does not have a dorsal ridge.

Green Frog

The Green Frog’s dorsal ridge is incomplete but runs most of the way down its back.

Northern Leopard Frog
Pickeral_Frog
Pickeral Frog

The Northern Leopard Frog has circular spots over its body while the  Pickeral Frog has more square like dots.

Wood Frog

The Wood Frog has a dark mask around its face.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

Northern Cricket Frog

The Northern Cricket Frog has rougher, drier skin than the other tree frogs. Usually has a line down its back.

Eastern Gray Tree Frog

The Eastern Gray Tree Frog is the largest frog in the state. It has yellow coloration on its inner rear legs.

peeper
Spring Peeper

The Spring Peeper is known for the X shaped marking on its back and its loud call that can be heard at the beginning of spring.

Toads

True Toad Family – Bufonidae

American Toad

The American Toad’s cranial crests do not touch its paratoid gland or is connected by a spur.

Fowler’s Toad

The Fowler’s Toad’s cranial crest does touch its paratoid gland.

Frogs by Country

Frogs and Toads of New Brunswick, Canada

Frogs and Toads of New Brunswick, Canada

Frogs

True Frog Family – Ranidae

Green Frog

The Green Frog’s dorsal ridge is incomplete but runs most of the way down its back.

Mink Frog

The Mink Frog does not have a dorsal ridge or its barely present.

Northern Leopard Frog
Pickeral_Frog
Pickeral Frog

The Northern Leopard Frog has circular spots over its body while the  Pickeral Frog has more square like dots.

Wood Frog

The Wood Frog has a dark mask around its face.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

Eastern Gray Tree Frog

The Eastern Gray Tree Frog has yellow coloration on its hind legs. Its the largest frog tree frog in the province.

Spring Peeper

The Spring Peeper has an X shape marked on its back. Its call is one of the first signs of spring.

Toads

True Toad Family – Bufonidae

American Toad

The American Toad is the only toad in the whole province.

Frogs by Country

Frogs and Toads of Ontario, Canada

Frogs and Toads of Ontario, Canada

Frogs

True Frog Family – Ranidae

American Bullfrog

The American Bullfrog is the largest frog in the country. It does not have a dorsal ridge.

Green Frog

The Green Frog’s dorsal ridge is incomplete but runs most of the way down its back.

Mink Frog

The Mink Frog lacks a dorsal ridge or barely has one. Its marbled or speckled on its back.

 

Northern Leopard Frog
Pickeral_Frog
Pickeral Frog

The Northern Leopard Frog has circular spots over its body while the  Pickeral Frog has more square like dots.

Wood Frog

The Wood Frog has a dark mask around its face.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

Eastern Gray Tree Frog

The Eastern Gray Tree Frog does not have any distinct markings on its body. It has yellowish orange on its hind legs and is the largest tree frog in the province.

Spring Peeper

The Spring Peeper has an X shape marking on its back.

Boreal Chorus Frog

The Boreal Chorus Frog has three lines down its back.

Toads

True Toad Family – Bufonidae

American Toad

The American Toad is the only toad in the whole province.

Frogs by Country

Frogs and Toads of Nova Scotia, Canada

Frogs and Toads of Nova Scotia, Canada

Frogs

True Frog Family – Ranidae

Green Frog

The Green Frog’s dorsal ridge is incomplete but runs most of the way down its back.

American Bullfrog

The American Bullfrog is the largest frog in the country. It does not have a dorsal ridge.

Northern Leopard Frog
Pickeral_Frog
Pickeral Frog

The Northern Leopard Frog has circular spots over its body while the  Pickeral Frog has more square like dots.

Wood Frog

The Wood Frog has a dark mask around its face.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

Spring Peeper

The Spring Peeper is the only tree frog in the province. They have a X shape mark on their back.

Toad

True Toad Family – Bufonidae

American Toad

The American Toad is the only toad in the whole province.

Frogs by Country

Frogs and Toads of Prince Edward Island, Canada

Frogs and Toads of Prince Edward Island, Canada

There aren’t many frogs or toads here but here they are.

Frogs

True Frog Family – Ranidae

All the frogs in the province are from the true frog family – Ranidae.

Green FrogGreen Frog

The Green Frog has an incomplete dorsal ridge that runs nearly the length of its back.

Northern Leopard Frog

The Northern Leopard Frog has a complete dorsal ridge and large, well defined spots.

Wood Frog

The Wood Frog is known for the dark mask around its eyes.

Toads

True Toad Family – Bufonidae

There is only one toad in the province and its a member of the true toad family – Bufonidae.

American Toad

The American Toad is the only toad in the whole province. It can produce a toxin called Bufotoxin which can be poisonous to humans and other animals. You and your pets should avoid eating it

 

Frogs by Country

Frogs and Toads of Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut, Canada

Frogs and Toads of Yukon, Canada

Western Toad

The Western Toad is the only toad in the territory.  Its found in the southern edge of the state.

Wood Frog

The Wood Frog is found farther north than most of the other frogs and toads in the territory. They have a dark mask around their face.

Columbia Spotted Frog

The Columbia Spotted Frog has small spots that are lighter on the inside. They are found in the southern part of the territory.

Boreal Chorus Frog

Boreal Chorus Frog barely makes it over to the southern edge of the territory.

Frogs and Toads of Northwest Territories, Canada

American Toad

The American Toad is the only toad in the territory. It is found along the southern part.

Boreal Chorus Frog

The Boreal Chorus Frog is the only tree frog in the Northwest territories. It has three stripes that run down its back.

Wood Frog

The Wood Frog is the only true frog in the Northwest territory.  Its found along the southern and western edge of the territory.

Frogs and Toads of Nunavut, Canada

American Toad

The American Toad is the only toad in the territory. Its found along the southern edge of the state.

Wood Frog

The Wood Frog is the only frog in the territory. Its found in the southern edge of the territory.

 

 

Frogs by Country

Frogs and Toads of Saskatchewan, Canada

Frogs and Toads of Saskatchewan, Canada

Frog

True Frog family – Ranidae

Wood Frog

The Wood Frog has a mask around its eyes. The colors of the wood frog varies from brown, silver, and red.

Northern Leopard Frog

The Northern Leopard Frog has large black, defined spots all over its body. It is found throughout the province.

Tree Frog family – Hylidae

Boreal Chorus Frog

The Boreal Chorus Frog is the only tree frog in the province . It has three lines that run down its back.

Toad

True Toad family – Bufonidae

American Toad

The American Toad cranial crest forms opposing L shapes. It is found throughout the province.

Great Plains Toad

The Great Plains Toad’s cranial crest forms a V shape. It is found in the southwestern part of the province .

Spadefoot Toad family – Scaphiopodidae

Plains Spadefoot Toad

The Plains Spadefoot toad is the only spadefoot toad in the province . Look at the rear foot of the toad and you will find a keratinized spade on it which no other toad or frog in the province has.

Frogs by Country

Frogs and Toads of Ireland

Frogs and Toads of Ireland

Ireland only has one frog species and one toad species.

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photo by Piet Spaans

The Natterjack toad (Epidalea calamita) is the only toad species native to Ireland. The Natterjack toad is listed as endangered in Ireland but with the help of conservationists, they are making a come back.

commonfrog

European Common Brown Frog (Rana temporaria) is the only frog species native to Ireland. It can sometimes be confused with toads because of the color but the European Common Brown Frog doesn’t have dry, warty skin.