Frogs and Toads of Quebec, Canada
True Frog Family – Ranidae
The Mink Frog does not have a dorsal ridge or barely has one. Its back is spotted or marbled.
American Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)
The American Bullfrog is the largest frog in the country. It does not have a dorsal ridge.
The Green Frog’s dorsal ridge is incomplete but runs most of the way down its back.
Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens)
The Northern Leopard Frog has circular spots over its body while the Pickeral Frog has more square like dots.
The Wood Frog has a dark mask around its face.
Tree Frog Family – Hylidae
The Northern Cricket Frog has rougher, drier skin than the other tree frogs. Usually has a line down its back.
The Eastern Gray Tree Frog is the largest frog in the state. It has yellow coloration on its inner rear legs.
The Spring Peeper is known for the X shaped marking on its back and its loud call that can be heard at the beginning of spring.
Boreal Chorus Frog has three distinct stripes down its back that can be broken. It is found along the southern border with the US.
True Toad Family – Bufonidae
American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)
The American Toad’s cranial crests do not touch its paratoid gland or is connected by a spur.
The Fowler’s Toad’s cranial crest does touch its paratoid gland. The belly of the Fowler’s Toad is white while the American Toad’s belly is speckled.
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