Frogs by Country

Frogs and Toads of Quebec, Canada

Frogs and Toads of Quebec, Canada


True Frog Family – Ranidae

Mink Frog (Rana septentrionalis)

The Mink Frog does not have a dorsal ridge or barely has one. Its back is spotted or marbled.

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American Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)

The American Bullfrog is the largest frog in the country. It does not have a dorsal ridge.

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Green Frog (Rana clamitans)

The Green Frog’s dorsal ridge is incomplete but runs most of the way down its back.

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Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens)

Pickeral Frog (Rana palustris)

The Northern Leopard Frog has circular spots over its body while the  Pickeral Frog has more square like dots.

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Wood Frog (Rana sylvatica)

The Wood Frog has a dark mask around its face.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

Northern Cricket Frog (Acris crepitans)

The Northern Cricket Frog has rougher, drier skin than the other tree frogs. Usually has a line down its back.

Eastern Gray Tree Frog (Hyla versicolor)

The Eastern Gray Tree Frog is the largest frog in the state. It has yellow coloration on its inner rear legs.

Spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer)

The Spring Peeper is known for the X shaped marking on its back and its loud call that can be heard at the beginning of spring.

Boreal Chorus Frog (Pseudacris maculata)

Boreal Chorus Frog has three distinct stripes down its back that can be broken. It is found along the southern border with the US.


True Toad Family – Bufonidae

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American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

The American Toad’s cranial crests do not touch its paratoid gland or is connected by a spur.

Fowler’s Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri)

The Fowler’s Toad’s cranial crest does touch its paratoid gland. The belly of the Fowler’s Toad is white while the American Toad’s belly is speckled.

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