Frog of the Week

Ornate Horned Frog (Ceratophrys ornata)

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photo by Adrian Pingstone

nearthreatened
Common Name: Ornate Horned Frog, Bell’s Horned Frog, and Argentina Horned Frog
Scientific Name: Ceratophrys ornata
Family: Ceratophryidae
Location: Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay
Max Size: 6.5 inches for females, 4.5 for males

The Ornate Horned Frog is part of the Horned Frog family which are often called the Pacman Frogs. They resemble Pacman because their heads are most of their body and they love to eat.  The Ornate Horned Frog is pretty common in the pet trade and they are fairly easy to take care of.

The Ornate Horned Frog is a sit and wait predator. In the wild, they bury part of themselves and wait for prey to walk in front of them. They spend most of their life like this.

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photo by Melanie Mae Bryan

When fall and winter comes, the frog burrows down into the ground where it then creates a cocoon-like structure to keep in moisture and heat. It stays below the ground until spring. During the spring time, the frogs mate and lay their eggs in temporary pools of water.  Interestingly, the tadpoles of the Ornate Horned Frog can make distress calls in and out of water. It’s the first known vertebrate larval form that can make sounds.

The Ornate Horned Frog is listed as Near Threatened. Their habitat is destroyed to make ways for farms and villages. If their habitat isn’t destroyed for farms or villages, pollution from nearby villages and farms harm their habitat.

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