Common Name: American Toad
Scientific Name: Anaxyrus americanus
Location: United States and Canada
Size: 4.3 inches or 10.9 cm
American toad (Anaxyrus americanus) is a common toad species found in eastern United States and Canada. They are a member of the true toad family, Bufonidae.
The American toad is separated into 3 sub species, the Eastern American toad, dwarf American toad, and Hudson Bay toad. Dwarf American toad are often smaller, more red, and don’t have spots on its belly. Hudson Bay toads are extremely rare and are only found in the Hudson Bay area in Canada. The Eastern American toad is the most common one, pictured above.
Females reach sizes up to 4.3 inches while males are shorter, only reaching 3.3 inches. The American toad usually breeds from April to July. They lay anywhere between 3,000 – 8,000 eggs in a clutch. The tadpoles are dark black.