Frog of the Week

American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

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Common Name: American Toad
Scientific Name: Anaxyrus americanus
Family: Bufonidae – True Toad family
Location: United States and Canada
US Locations: Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, and West Virginia
Size: 4.3 inches or 10.9 cm

The American toad is a common toad species found in eastern United States and Canada. They are a member of the true toad family, Bufonidae. They are a fossorial species, meaning they spent a lot of time burrowed under the ground.

The American toad is separated into three sub species, the Eastern American toad, the Dwarf American toad, and the Hudson Bay Toad. The Dwarf American Toad are often smaller, more red, and don’t have spots on its belly. Hudson Bay toads are extremely rare and are only found in the Hudson Bay area in Canada. The Eastern American toad is the most common one, pictured above.

For the biology aspect of the toad, females reach sizes up to 4.3 inches while males are shorter, only reaching 3.3 inches. The American toad usually breeds from April to July. Then,  they lay anywhere between 3,000 – 8,000 eggs in a clutch. Next, the eggs hatch and the tadpoles are dark black.

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