Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Nebraska

Frogs and Toads of Nebraska


True Frog Family – Ranidae

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American Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)

The American Bullfrog is the largest frog in the state. It lacks a dorsal ridge down it’s back that the other frogs from the family Ranidae have.

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Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens)

The difference between the Plains Leopard Frog and the Northern Leopard Frog deals with its the dorsal ridge. The Plains Leopard Frog’s dorsal ridge indents near its butt.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

The Cope’s Gray Tree Frog is the largest of the tree frogs in the state.  It’s found in the eastern half of the state.

The Northern Cricket Frog is found everywhere besides the far western part.  Their skin is relatively rougher compared to the other tree frogs in the skin.

The Boreal Chorus frog is a small frog found throughout the state. They have lines that run down their back.


True Toad Family – Bufonidae

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American Toad (Anaxyrus americanuses)

The American Toad is found along the eastern edge of the state. The cranial crest and the parotoid gland of the toad do not touch or they connect with a spur.

Great Plains Toad’s cranial crest forms a V shape. It is found throughout the state.

The Woodhouse’s Toad cranial crest forms opposing L shapes. It is found throughout the state.

Spadefoot Toad Family – Scaphiopodidae

The Plains Spadefoot toad is the only spadefoot toad in the state. Look at the rear foot of the toad and you will find a keratinized spade on it which no other toad or frog in the state has.

Narrow Mouthed Toad Family – Microhylidae

The Great Plains / Western Narrow Mouthed Toad is the only narrow mouthed toad in the state. The lack parotoid glands and spades on their feet.

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