Other Amphibian of the Week

Taylor’s Salamander (Ambystoma taylori )

photo by Ruth Percino Daniel

Common Name: Taylor’s Salamander
Scientific Name: Ambystoma taylori
Family: Ambystomatidae – Mole Salamander Family
Location: Mexico
Size: 2.3 – 4.4 inches

The Taylor’s Salamander is a neotenic salamander, found only in Laguna Alchichica, a crater lack, in Puebla, Mexico. The lake has very high salinity, at levels that would kill any other salamander species, but not the Taylor’s Salamander. It is somehow able to tolerate it. The Taylor’s Salamander faces difficulties in the lake. The water from the lake is being extracted for irrigation and drinking. The levels of the water is decreasing and the quality of the water is decreasing.

Other Amphibian of the Week

Corsican Fire Salamander (Salamandra corsica)

photo by André de Saint-Paul

Common Name: Corsican Fire Salamander
Scientific Name: Salamandra corsica
Family:  Salamandridae
Size:12 inches max

The Corsican Fire Salamander is only found on the Corsica island near France. The salamander generally gives live birth to larvae in ponds and streams. There has been observations of the Corsican Fire Salamander giving birth to fully metamorphosed young.

Other Amphibian of the Week

Many Lined Salamander (Stereochilus marginatus)

photo by Todd Pierson

Common Name: Many Lined Salamander
Scientific Name: Stereochilus marginatus
Family: Plethodontidae
Location: United States – Georgia, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia
Size: 4.5 inches

The Many Lined Salamander is the only member of the genus Sterochilus. It is found along the coast of southeastern United States in the Atlantic coastal plain. The Many Lined Salamander is more aquatic than most Plethodontid salamanders, they are usually found in swampy streams and pools. They also can lay their eggs in water, and the eggs will hatch into the free swimming larvae stage. It can take the larvae one to two years to fully undergo metamorphosis.

Other Amphibian of the Week

Reticulated Siren (Siren reticulata)

photo by Pierson Hill

Common Name: Reticulated Siren
Scientific Name: Siren reticulata
Family:  Sirenidae
Location: United States – Florida and Alabama
Size: 2 feet

The Reticulated Siren is a new species of amphibian! It was only recently described by researchers David Steen, Sean P Graham, Richard Kline, and Crystal Kelehear. The Reticulated Siren is a highly aquatic species of amphibian, living at the bottom of ponds and swamps. Its currently found in southern Alabama and the Florida Panhandle. Like all Sirens, the Reticulated Siren lacks hind legs and has gills. They have a long eel like body.

Other Amphibian of the Week

Abe’s Salamander (Hynobius abei)

photo by Japanese Ministry of the Environment 

Common Name: Abe’s Salamanader
Scientific Name: Hynobius abei
Family: Hynobiidae – Asiatic Salamanders
Location: Japan
Size: 1.9 – 2.8 inches snout to vent, 3.2–4.8 inches total length

The Abe’s Salamander is only found in Japan, in the secondary bamboo forest or deciduous hardwood forests. The salamander’s populations aren’t doing that well. There aren’t that many left and they are in danger of because extinct due to habitat loss. The breeding season for the salamander starts during November and December, when there is snow. Females can lay up to 109 eggs during the season. Larvae doesn’t undergo metamorphosis until late summer or even until next year. The Abe’s Salamander is named after Yoshio Abe, a Japanese zoologist.

Other Amphibian of the Week

Mexican Climbing Salamander (Bolitoglossa mexicana)

photo by Josiah H. Townsend

Common Name: Mexican Climbing Salamander, Mexican Mushroom tongue Salamander, Black-and-Gold Salamander, Salamanquesa
Scientific Name: Bolitoglossa mexicana
Family: Plethodontidae
Location: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Mexico
Size: 6.1 – 7.2 inches

The Mexican Climbing Salamander is an arboreal (tree dwelling) salamander found in tropical lowland and montane forests. They are able to climb trees with ease because of their heavily webbed feet. The Mexican Climbing Salamanders are a direct developing species, skipping the free larval phase of development.

Other Amphibian of the Week

Blackbellied Salamander (Desmognathus quadramaculatus)

photo by Fredlyfish4

Common Name: Blackbellied Salamander, Blackbelly Salamander
Scientific Name: Desmognathus quadramaculatus
Family: Plethodontidae
Location: United States – Georgia, Tennessee, West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina
Size: 4 – 7 inches

The Blackbellied Salamander is a member of the family Plethodontidae, the largest family of salamanders. These salamanders are interesting because they all lack lungs. The Blackbellied Salamander is one of the most aquatic salamanders of its genus and can be found in streams in the Appalachian Mountains.

Other Amphibian of the Week

Columbia Torrent Salamander (Rhyacotriton kezeri)

photo by Will Flaxington

Common Name: Columbia Torrent Salamander
Scientific Name: Rhyacotriton kezeri
Family: Rhyacotritonidae
Location: US – Oregon and Washington
Size: 2 inches snout to vent length

The Columbia Torrent Salamander is found along the west coast of the US in old growth forests. They are threatened because of logging operations in these areas. The whole family Rhyacotritonidae used to be just one species of salamander but the species was split into four different species, including the Columbia Torrent Salamander. The biology of the Columbia Torrent Salamander isn’t as well known compared to the other torrent salamanders in the family.

Other Amphibian of the Week

One Toed Amphiuma (Amphiuma pholeter)

by Dan Hipes

Common Name: One Toed Amphiuma
Scientific Name: Amphiuma pholeter
Family: Amphiumidae
Location: United States – Alabama, Florida, Georgia, and Mississippi
Size: 13 inches

The One Toed Amphiuma is found in the southern United States. They are an aquatic species found primarily in mucky waters in swamps and streams. They are also nocturnal and feed mostly during the night. Because of these features, not much is known about the its lifestyle.

Other Amphibian of the Week

California Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma californiense)

photo by John Cleckler

Common Name: California Tiger Salamander
Scientific Name: Ambystoma californiense
Family: Ambystomatidae
Location: United States – California
Size: 8 inches

The California Tiger Salamander is a federally listed endangered species and a federally listed threatened species. The salamanders in  Sonoma County and Santa Barbara are endangered while the salamanders in Central Valley are listed as threatened. They are listed mainly because the habitats they call home have been destroyed to make room for farm land and cities. Other threats are invasive American Bullfrogs are known to eat the California Tiger Salamander and mosquitofish, which are used to manager mosquito levels, also eat them.