Family Friday

Dicamptodontidae – Pacific Giant Salamanders

Genera:1 – Dicamptodon
Number of Species: 4

The family Dicamptodontidae is nicknamed the Pacific Giant Salamanders after the fact that they are large salamanders but not as big as the members of the family Cryptobranchidae such as the Hellbender or the Chinese Giant Salamander.  But, the Pacific Giant Salamanders are some of the largest terrestrial salamanders in the world, reaching almost 14 inches long. hey are found on the Pacific Coast of North America from California up to Canada. Now, we will move onto the individual species of the family Dicamptodontidae.

As the name suggests, the Idaho Giant Salamander is primarily found in Idaho but it is also found in Montana. It can reach up to 13 inches long.

The Cope’s Giant Salamander is found in Washington and Oregon. They almost never metamorphose so they retain their gills into adulthood.

The California Giant Salamander only makes it home in the northern half of the state of California. It is listed as Near Threatened by the IUCN.

The Coastal Giant Salamander is found from California up to barely in British Columbia on the west coast.

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