Frog of the Week

Golden Poison Dart Frog (Phyllobates terribilis)

Golden Poison Dart Frog
Golden Poison Dart Frog by Wilfried Berns

Common Name: Golden Poison Dart Frog or Golden Poison Arrow Frog
Scientific Name: Phyllobates terribilis
Family: Dendrobatidae – Poison Dart Frog family
Location: Colombia
Size: Males 45 mm (1.77 inches) and Females 47 (1.8 inches)

The Golden Poison Dart frog is the most poisonous frogs in the world. It is estimated that a single one of the frogs has enough poison to kill 10-20 people. Their poison is derived from their diet in the wild, thus captive bred frogs are not poisonous, allowing them to be pets. Indigenous people use the poisons of the frogs on their darts to help with hunting. These poison dart frogs are diurnal meaning they are active during the day. They are a social species of frogs, living in groups of up to six in the wild. More can be kept in captivity together.

The Golden Poison Dart Frogs lay their eggs on land in clutches of less than 20. When the eggs hatch, the male parent moves the tadpoles to water on its back. They can even carry up 9 tadpoles on their back at once.

The Golden Poison Dart Frog is listed by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List as an Endangered species. Their habitat is being destroyed for the a variety of reasons. The rain forests that they live in are being cut down illegally for agriculture, mining, and logging. Better enforcement of the laws are needed to protect the species.

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