Frog of the Week

Eastern Spadefoot Toad (Scaphiopus holbrookii)

Eastern Spadefoot by Riechvaugen


Common Name: Eastern Spadefoot Toad
Scientific Name: Scaphiopus holbrookii
Family: Scaphiopodidae
Location: United States – Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia
Size: 1.5-2.5 inches (2.3 -3.9mm)

Eastern Spadefoot toads live underground in burrows for most of their life. They usually only come to the surface to bread. While the IUCN ranks the toad as least concern, in many states, it is protected.

There are two subspecies of the Eastern Spadefoot, holbrookii and hurterii. S. h. hurterii is bigger than holkbrookii. S. h. holbrookii lives from Massachusetts down to Florida and west to Oklahoma and Texas. It is found essentially in sandy or light soils. S. h. hurterii ranges from central Louisiana west to Texas, and north to eastern Oklahoma and western Arkansas.


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