Frogs and Toads of Ohio
If you are looking to identify a specific frog and can’t figure it out from the page, you can check my Frog Identification and see how to contact me about helping you out.
The True Frogs are your typical frogs that are generally found along the shores of a lake or pond.
Common Name: American Bullfrog
Scientific Name: Rana catesbiana
The American Bullfrog is the largest frog in the state. They are found near permanent bodies of water such as large ponds, streams, and lakes. Once the males of the species reach sexual maturity, their throats turn bright yellow. They are very similar to Green Frogs but they don’t have a dorsal ridge down their back. It wraps around their tympanum.
Common Name: Green Frog
Scientific Name: Rana clamitans
The Green Frog is a medium to large sized frog. They can be commonly found near pretty much any water body such as ponds, lakes, or streams. Once the males of the species reach sexual maturity, their throats turn bright yellow.
Common Name: Northern Leopard Frog
Scientific Name: Rana pipiens
The Northern Leopard Frog is a medium to large species of semi aquatic species of frog. They vary in color from dark brown to slim green with fairly large spots all over their body.
Common Name: Pickeral Frog
Scientific Name: Rana palustris
The Pickerel Frog is a medium to large sized frog. Their dorsal ridge runs down from their eye to their back and inside there is rectangular boxes.
Common Name: Southern Leopard Frog
Scientific Name: Rana sphenocephalus
Location: Barely into southcentral border area
The Southern Leopard Frog has less spots on the side of its side compared to the Northern Leopard Frog.
Common Name: Wood Frog
Scientific Name: Rana sylvatica
The Wood Frog is a small to medium sized frog. They vary in color from brown, silver, or red and they have dark “raccoon” eyes. After breeding season, they are often found in the woods, far away from any water bodies.
Common Name: Blanchard’s Cricket Frog
Scientific Name: Acris blanchardi
Location: Western half of the state
The Blanchard Cricket Frog is the only Cricket Frog in the state. It has no real distinct marks like the other frogs on this list.
Common Name: Eastern Gray Tree Frog
Scientific Name: Hyla versicolor
Location: Everywhere besides southwestern border of the state
Common Name: Cope’s Gray Tree Frog
Scientific Name: Hyla chrysoscelis
Location: Eastern and southern edges of the state
The Gray Tree Frogs are nearly identical besides their calls and chromosome numbers. These medium sized frogs can be found perched in trees or on the side of your house. They are not always gray in color and can be green. They have yellow or orange coloration on their back legs.
Here is a video of some Eastern Gray Tree Frogs calling that I took.
Common Name: Mountain Chorus Frog
Scientific Name: Pseudacris brachyphona
Location: Southern border
The Mountain Chorus frog looks similar to the other Chorus frogs in the state but it has a specific shape on its back that looks like this )(.
Common Name: Western Chorus Frog
Scientific Name: Pseudacris triseriata
The Western Chorus Frog has three distinct stripes down their back. It’s similar in size to the Spring Peeper and the Mountain Chorus Frog.
Common Name: Spring Peeper
Scientific Name: Pseudacris crucifer
The Spring Peeper is a small chorus frog that can often be found on forest floor or low on trunks of trees. They can be hard to find due to their small size, however, in spring when they come to temporary ponds to breed, they are easier to find. They can be distinguished from other Chorus Frogs due to their x on their back.
The True Toads are your typical toad. They usually have a parotid gland behind their eyes that contain a poison called It is not advised to let your dog eat these guys.
Common Name: American Toad
Scientific Name: Anaxyrus americanus
Common Name: Fowler’s Toad
Scientific Name: Anaxyrus fowleri
The American Toad and the Fowler’s Toad look very much alike. The differences between the two are in the back of their heads. The American Toad’s parotid gland is separated from the craniel crest while the Fowler’s Toad’s touches. The American Toad also has a speckled belly while the Fowler’s Toad’s belly is white.
Common Name: Eastern Spadefoot Toad
Scientific Name: Scaphiopus holbrookii
Location: Southern edges of the state
Eastern Spadefoot Toad is the only spadefoot toad in the state so just look for the toad with a spade on its rear feet.