Frogs and Toads of Ohio
If you are looking to identify a specific frog and can’t figure it out from the page, you can check my Frog Identification and see how to contact me about helping you out.
True Frog Family – Ranidae
American Bullfrog (Rana catesbiana)
Common Name: American Bullfrog
Scientific Name: Rana catesbiana
Common Name: Green Frog
Scientific Name: Rana clamitans
The Green Frog and American Bullfrog looks the same but the Bullfrog can grow larger and they lack a dorsal ridge down their back.
Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens)
Common Name: Northern Leopard Frog
Scientific Name: Rana pipiens
Common Name: Pickeral Frog
Scientific Name: Rana palustris
Common Name: Southern Leopard Frog
Scientific Name: Rana sphenocephalus
Location: Barely into southcentral border area
Pickeral Frog, Northern Leopard Frog, and Southern Leopard Frog look very similar to each other because of the spots but the Pickeral frog’s spots are more rectangular than the Leopard Frogs. The Southern Leopard Frog has less spots on the side of its side compared to the Northern Leopard Frog.
Common Name: Wood Frog
Scientific Name: Rana sylvatica
Wood has a raccoon like mask on its face that makes it easy to identify.
Tree Frog Family – Hylidae
Common Name: Blanchard’s Cricket Frog
Scientific Name: Acris blanchardi
Location: Western half of the state
The Blanchard Cricket Frog is the only Cricket Frog in the state. It has no real distinct marks like the other frogs on this list.
Eastern Gray Tree Frog (Hyla veriscolor) and Copes Gray Tree Frog (Hyla chrysoscelis)
Common Name: Eastern Gray Tree Frog
Scientific Name: Hyla versicolor
Location: Everywhere besides southwestern border of the state
Common Name: Cope’s Gray Tree Frog
Scientific Name: Hyla chrysoscelis
Location: Eastern and southern edges of the state
The Gray Tree Frogs are identical besides their calls. They are the largest tree frogs in the state.
Here is a video of some Eastern Gray Tree Frogs calling that I took.
Common Name: Mountain Chorus Frog
Scientific Name: Pseudacris brachyphona
Location: Southern border
The Mountain Chorus frog looks similar to the other Chorus frogs in the state but it has a specific shape on its back that looks like this )(.
Common Name: Western Chorus Frog
Scientific Name: Pseudacris triseriata
The Western Chorus Frog has three distinct stripes down their back. It’s similar in size to the Spring Peeper and the Mountain Chorus Frog.
Spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer)
Common Name: Spring Peeper
Scientific Name: Pseudacris crucifer
Spring Peeper can be identified by the X marking on its back.
True Toad Family – Bufonidae
The True Toads are your typical toad. They usually have a parotid gland behind their eyes that contain a poison called It is not advised to let your dog eat these guys.
American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)
Common Name: American Toad
Scientific Name: Anaxyrus americanus
Common Name: Fowler’s Toad
Scientific Name: Anaxyrus fowleri
The American Toad and the Fowler’s Toad look very much alike. The differences between the two are in the back of their heads. The American Toad’s parotid gland is separated from the craniel crest while the Fowler’s Toad’s touches. The American Toad also has a speckled belly while the Fowler’s Toad’s belly is white.
Spadefoot Toad Family – Scaphiopodidae
Common Name: Eastern Spadefoot Toad
Scientific Name: Scaphiopus holbrookii
Location: Southern edges of the state
Eastern Spadefoot Toad is the only spadefoot toad in the state so just look for the toad with a spade on its rear feet.