Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Delaware

Frogs and Toads of Delaware

For a small state, Delaware is home to a variety of frogs and toads.

Frogs

There are two different families of frogs, tree frogs and true frogs in Delaware.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

3guenfp

Spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer) has a noticeable x mark on its back.

njchorusfrog
New Jersey Chorus Frog (Pseudacris kalmi)

The New Jersey Chorus Frog has stripes down its back.

IMG_0239

Eastern Gray Tree Frog (Hyla veriscolor) and Cope’s Gray Tree Frog (Hyla chrysoscelis) are basically identical species. The difference between them is the calls. You can identify them from the others because of the yellow or orange marks on their back legs.

Here is a video I took of some calling

Barking Tree Frog
Barking Tree Frog (Hyla gratiosa)

Barking Tree Frog has rough skin compared to the Green and Gray Tree frogs.

IMG_0887

Green Tree Frog (Hyla cinerea) has a white line down the mouth and side that separates it from the other tree frogs in the state.

Northern Cricket Frog (Acris crepitans) is the only cricket frog in the state. They have no distinct markings on their back.

True Frog Family – Ranidae

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

American Bullfrog (Rana catesbiana)

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Green Frog (Rana clamitans)

The Green Frog and American Bullfrog looks the same but the Bullfrog can grow larger and they lack a dorsal ridge down their back.

Southern Leopard Frog (Rana sphenocephalus)
Pickeral_Frog
Pickeral Frog (Rana palustris)

The Pickeral Frog and the Southern Leopard Frog look very much a like. The Pickeral Frog has more square shaped spots on its back while the Southern Leopard frog has more circular ones.

carpenterfrog
Carpenter Frog (Rana virgatipes)

Carpenter Frog is easily identifiable because of their brown color and two yellow lines that run down their back.

Wood Frog (Rana sylvatica) has a raccoon mask around its face which no other frog in the state has.

Toads

True Toad – Bufonidae

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

FowlersToad
Fowler’s Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri)

Fowler’s Toad has a clear, white belly while the American Toad has a more speckled one.

Spadefoot Toad Family – Scaphiopodidae

american_eastern_spadefoot_toad
Eastern Spadefoot Toad

Eastern Spadefoot Toad  is the only spadefoot toad in the state so just look for the toad with a spade on its rear feet.

Narrow Mouth Toad Family – Microhylidae

gastrophryne_carolinensis

Eastern Narrow Mouthed Toad (Gastrophryne carolinensis) is the only narrowed mouth toad in the state. Their small, pointy head is a key characteristic of the species.

Advertisements

1 thought on “Frogs and Toads of Delaware”

Leave a Reply