Salamanders and Newts of Alberta Canada
Alberta is only home to two species of salamanders from the same family. Not a lot of diversity.
Ambystomatidae – Mole Salamander family
The family Ambystomatidae is known as Mole Salamanders due to them living underground like moles. They are often only seen when moving to ponds to breed.
The Long Toed Salamander is a small salamander, only reaching 3.5 inches long tops. It is found along the western border of Alberta and British Columbia.
The Western Tiger Salamander or Barred Tiger Salamander is much larger than the Long-Toed Salamander, capable of reaching a foot long. It known for the dark bars that run down its back which make them easy to identify. They are found in the southeastern corner of Alberta.