Articles

13 Largest Salamanders in the World

 

One toed amphiumadanhipes
by Dan Hipes

The One Toed Amphiuma (Amphiuma pholeter) can grow up to 13 inches. They are the smallest of the three different kinds of Amphiuma. They are found in Southeastern United States.

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The Eastern Tiger (Ambystoma tigrinum) can grow up to 13 inches but usually between only 6 to 8.25 inches long. It is found in the eastern United States, southeastern Canada, and Mexico.

Ambystoma_mavortium_2006.jpg
photo by  Daiju Azuma

The record largest Western Tiger Salamander or Barred Salamander (Ambystoma mavortium) measured in at 13 inches but it was also a neotenic salamander. They usually are 6 to 8.5 inches long. They are found in the western United States.

Dicamptodon tenebrsosus - Pacific Giant Salamander
photo by John P. Clare

Coastal Giant Salamander (Dicamptodon tenebrosus) can grow up to 13 inches long but usually only up to 6 inches longs. They are found in the western part of the United States and Canada.

photo from the NPS

The Common Mudpuppy (Necturus maculosus) is the largest mudpuppy. The longest one recorded was 19 inches long. They are usually between 8 to 13 inches long. It is found in the Eastern United States and Southeastern Canada.

photo by Arne Hodalič

The Olm (Proteus anguinus) grows usually between 8 to 12 inches long but they can grow up to 16 inches. They are the largest salamander in Europe.

Siren_intermedia_2
photo by Stan Shebs

Lesser Siren (Siren intermedia) can grow up to 2.25 feet. It is found in Southeastern United States.

by Brian Gratwicke

The Hellbender or Snot Otter (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis) often grows between 11 and 22 inches long but the record length recorded is 29 inches (2.4 feet) long. It is found in the Southeastern United States.

Siren_lacertina
photo from the USGS

The Greater Siren (Siren lacertina) can grow up to 3.2 feet long but are usually recorded at lengths between 20 to 30 inches long. It is found in the Southeastern United States.

photo by opencage

Three Toed Amphiuma (Amphiuma tridactylum) can grow up to 3.4 feet long but usually only between 1.5 feet to 2.5 feet long. It is found in Southeastern United States.

photo by Brian Gratwick

Two Toed Amphiuma (Amphiuma means) can grow up to 3.8 feet long but are usually around 14.5 to 30 inches long. It is the largest of the Amphiumas. It is found in the Southeastern United States.

photo by V31S70

Japanese Giant Salamander (Andrias japonicus) measures in at 4.9 feet long, making in the second largest salamander in the world.

by  ZSL

Chinese Giant Salamander (Andrias davidianus) is the largest salamander in the world. It has been observed to grow to 5.9 feet but lately most of the salamanders found are smaller than that. The average length is usually around 3.9 feet long.

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