Frog of the Week

Yellow Bellied Toad (Bombina variegata)

Yellow bellied Toad
photo by Christian Fischer


Common Name: Yellow Bellied Toad
Scientific Name: Bombina variegata
Family: Bombinatoridae
Location: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Republic of, Montenegro, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, and Ukraine
Size: 1.3 inches to 2.1 inches or 35-55 mm

The Yellow Bellied Toad is found throughout most of Europe. Like the Fire Bellied Toad, they have a brightly colored stomach to show off that they are toxic but its yellow on the bottom,  To show off their belly, they arch their back. This is called the unken reflex. Interestingly, they have heart shaped pupils.

photo by Marek Szczepanek

The Yellow Bellied Toad can live a long time, up to 15 years in the wild and more than 20 years in captivity. They have evolved to live long lives because water can be scarce in their environment. Yellow Bellied Toads need water to breed so when its not around, they have to wait. If they didn’t live so long, they might not be able to breed , and then their genes don’t get passed down.

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