Frogs of the World

Frogs and Toads of British Columbia, Canada

Frogs and Toads of British Columbia, Canada

Canada isn’t home to a lot of frog species but British Columbia has a fair number of species.

Frogs

True Frog family – Ranidae

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Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens)

The Northern Leopard Frog has large, distinct spots on its body.

Columbia Spotted Frog (Rana luteiventris)

The Columbia Spotted Frog has spots just like the leopard frog but they are smaller and lighter in the middle.

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Wood Frog (Rana sylvatica)

Wood Frog has a distinct and bold mask around its eyes.

Northern Red Legged Frog (Rana aurora)

The Red Legged Frog can have a mask around the eyes but its not very well defined. Underside of the hind legs also appear reddish.

Oregon Spotted Frog (Rana pretiosa)

Oregon Spotted Frog has a slight mask around its eyes. The belly has spots on it.

Tree Frog family – Hylidae

Pacific Tree Frog

The Pacific Tree Frog lacks significant striping down its back.

Boreal Chorus Frog (Pseudacris maculata)

Boreal Chorus Frog has three stripes that run down its back.

Tailed Frog family – Ascaphidae

The family Ascaphidae is known for the tails on the male frogs that help with reproduction. No other adult frogs have tails normally.

Coastal Tailed Frog (Ascaphus truei)

The Coastal Tailed Frog is found along the western coast of the province.

Rocky Mountain Tailed Frog (Ascaphus montanus)

The Rocky Mountain Tailed Frog is found along the southeastern border of the province.

Toads

True Toad family – Bufonidae

Western Toad (Anaxyrus boreas)

The Western Toad is the only true toad in the providence. It has a parotoid gland behind its eye that true toads have.

Spadefoot Toad family – Scaphiopodidae

Great Basin Spadefoot Toad (Spea intermontana)

The Great Basin Spadefoot Toad is the only spadefoot toad in the state. It has a keratonized spade on its rear feet that it uses for digging.

Invasive Frogs

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American Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)

The American Bullfrog is a highly invasive frog species. Its introduction to the province signaled a decrease in numbers for other frog populations.

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