Frogs and Toads of British Columbia, Canada
Canada isn’t home to a lot of frog species but British Columbia has a fair number of species.
The Northern Leopard Frog has large, distinct spots on its body.
The Columbia Spotted Frog has spots just like the leopard frog but they are smaller and lighter in the middle.
Wood Frog has a distinct and bold mask around its eyes.
The Red Legged Frog can have a mask around the eyes but its not very well defined. Underside of the hind legs also appear reddish.
Oregon Spotted Frog has a slight mask around its eyes. The belly has spots on it.
The Pacific Tree Frog lacks significant striping down its back.
Boreal Chorus Frog has three stripes that run down its back.
The family Ascaphidae is known for the tails on the male frogs that help with reproduction. No other adult frogs have tails normally.
The Coastal Tailed Frog is found along the western coast of the province.
The Rocky Mountain Tailed Frog is found along the southeastern border of the province.
The Western Toad is the only true toad in the providence. It has a parotoid gland behind its eye that true toads have.
The Great Basin Spadefoot Toad is the only spadefoot toad in the state. It has a keratonized spade on its rear feet that it uses for digging.
The American Bullfrog is a highly invasive frog species. Its introduction to the province signaled a decrease in numbers for other frog populations.