Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Tennessee

Frogs and Toads of Tennessee

If you are looking to identify a specific frog and can’t figure it out from the page, you can check my Frog Identification and see how to contact me about helping you out.

Frogs

True Frog Family – Ranidae

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

American Bullfrog (Rana catesbiana)

Common Name: American Bullfrog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The American Bullfrog is the largest frog in the state. It lacks a dorsal ridge down its back.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Bronze / Green Frog (Rana clamitans)

Common Name: Bronze / Green Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Green Frog looks identical to the American Bullfrog but it has an incomplete dorsal ridge.

Common Name: Crawfish Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Crawfish Frog gets its name from living in crawfish holes. Its has skin fold on the side and a small typanum.

Common Name: Gopher Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

Gopher Frogs have irregular spots all over their body and their skin is rough. There are only two records of the frog in the state so its not likely to be seen.

Common Name: Southern Leopard Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Southern Leopard Frog has spots all over its body, like a leopard.

Common Name: Pickeral Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Pickerel Frog looks like the Southern Leopard Frog but the spots on its skin are more rectangular than the Leopard Frog’s.

Tree Frog Famiy – Hylidae

Common Name: Northern Cricket Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

Common Name: Southern Cricket Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Cricket Frogs look really similar but there’s a few ways to tell them apart. The Southern Cricket Frog has a more pointed snout while the Northern Cricket Frog has a more blunt snout. The Southern Cricket Frog doesn’t have as much webbing on the back legs as the Northern Cricket Frog.

Common Name: Mountain Chorus Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Mountain Chorus Frog has a distinct mark on its back that looks like this )(.

Common Name: Spring Peeper
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Spring Peeper is a small frog with a distinct X on its back. They are one of the first frogs to start singing in the spring.

Common Name: Upland Chorus Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Upland Chorus Frog has 3 lines down its back that makes it easy to identify.

Barking Tree Frog (Hyla gratiosa)

Common Name: Barking Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

Green Tree Frog (Hyla cinerea)

Common Name: Green Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Barking Tree Frog has much rougher skin than the Green Tree Frog. Both species have lines down the sides.

Common Name: Eastern Gray Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

These two frogs are identical besides their calls and chromosome numbers. These tree frogs are also larger than the ones below. Also note that Gray Tree Frogs are not always gray and can be green. These frogs also have orange or yellow markings on their back legs.

Common Name: Cope’s Gray Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

Common Name: Bird-Voiced Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

Bird-Voiced Tree Frog looks similar to the Gray Tree Frogs but their legs have a more yellow / green color on them while the Gray’s are more orange.

Toads

True Toad Family – Bufonidae

The True Toads are your typical toad. They usually have a parotid gland behind their eyes that contain a poison called  It is not advised to let your dog eat these guys.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

Common Name: Fowler’s Toad
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The American Toad and Fowler’s Toad look a lot alike. The differences has to do with their heads. Here’s a picture to show the differences.

bufo-cranial

Narrow Mouthed Toad Family – Microhylidae

Common Name: Eastern Narrow Mouthed Toad
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Eastern Narrow Mouth Toad is the only narrow mouthed toad in the state. Its head is obviously more narrow than the other toads.

Spadefoot Toad Family – Scaphiopodidae

Common Name: Eastern Spadefoot Toad
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Eastern Spadefoot Toad is the only species of spadefoot toad in the state. They have a noticeable spade on their hind legs that they use for digging.

5 thoughts on “Frogs and Toads of Tennessee”

  1. Hello. We have a frog in our old pool that seems to be a leopard frog. But it is massive compared to what should be a normal leopard frog’s length. I was wondering if you could tell me what kind of frog we have. Thank you so much!

Leave a Reply