Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Tennessee

Frogs and Toads of Tennessee


True Frog Family – Ranidae

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American Bullfrog (Rana catesbiana)

The American Bullfrog is the largest frog in the state. It lacks a dorsal ridge down its back.

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Bronze / Green Frog (Rana clamitans)

The Green Frog looks identical to the American Bullfrog but it has an incomplete dorsal ridge.

Crawfish Frog (Rana areolatus)

The Crawfish Frog gets its name from living in crawfish holes. Its has skin fold on the side and a small typanum.

Gopher Frog (Rana capito)

Gopher Frogs have irregular spots all over their body and their skin is rough. There are only two records of the frog in the state so its not likely to be seen.

Southern Leopard Frog (Rana sphenocephalus)

The Southern Leopard Frog has spots all over its body, like a leopard.

Pickeral Frog (Rana palustris)

The Pickerel Frog looks like the Southern Leopard Frog but the spots on its skin are more rectangular than the Leopard Frog’s.

Tree Frog Famiy – Hylidae

Northern Cricket Frog (Acris crepitans)
Southern Cricket Frog (Acris gryllus)

The Cricket Frogs look really similar but there’s a few ways to tell them apart. The Southern Cricket Frog has a more pointed snout while the Northern Cricket Frog has a more blunt snout. The Southern Cricket Frog doesn’t have as much webbing on the back legs as the Northern Cricket Frog.

Mountain Chorus Frog (Pseudacris brachyphona)
Mountain Chorus Frog (Pseudacris brachyphona)

The Mountain Chorus Frog has a distinct mark on its back that looks like this )(.

Spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer)

The Spring Peeper is a small frog with a distinct X on its back. They are one of the first frogs to start singing in the spring.

Upland Chorus Frog (Pseudacris feriarum)

The Upland Chorus Frog has 3 lines down its back that makes it easy to identify.

Barking Tree Frog (Hyla gratiosa)
Green Tree Frog (Hyla cinerea)

The Barking Tree Frog has much rougher skin than the Green Tree Frog. Both species have lines down the sides.

Cope’s Gray Tree Frog (Hyla chrysoscelis) and  Eastern Gray Tree Frog (Hyla versicolor)

These two frogs are identical besides their calls and chromosome numbers. These tree frogs are also larger than the ones below. Also note that Gray Tree Frogs are not always gray and can be green. These frogs also have orange or yellow markings on their back legs.

Bird-Voiced Frog  (Hyla avivoca)

Bird-Voiced Tree Frog looks similar to the Gray Tree Frogs but their legs have a more yellow / green color on them while the Gray’s are more orange.


True Toad Family – Bufonidae

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American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

Fowler’s Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri)

The American Toad and Fowler’s Toad look a lot alike. The differences has to do with their heads. Here’s a picture to show the differences.


Narrow Mouthed Toad Family – Microhylidae

Eastern Narrow Mouthed Toad (Gastrophryne carolinensis)

The Eastern Narrow Mouth Toad is the only narrow mouthed toad in the state. Its head is obviously more narrow than the other toads.

Spadefoot Toad Family – Scaphiopodidae

Eastern Spadefoot Toad (Scaphiopus holbrookii)

The Eastern Spadefoot Toad is the only species of spadefoot toad in the state. They have a noticeable spade on their hind legs that they use for digging.


5 thoughts on “Frogs and Toads of Tennessee”

  1. Hello. We have a frog in our old pool that seems to be a leopard frog. But it is massive compared to what should be a normal leopard frog’s length. I was wondering if you could tell me what kind of frog we have. Thank you so much!

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