Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Oregon

Frogs and Toads of Oregon

If you are looking to identify a specific frog and can’t figure it out from the page, you can check my Frog Identification and see how to contact me about helping you out.

Frogs

True Frog Family – Ranidae

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Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens)

Common Name: Northern Leopard Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana pipiens
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The Northern Leopard Frog has a pale complete dorsal ridge and well defined spots all over its body.

Common Name: Cascade Frog
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The Cascade Frog has a yellowish underside and not well-defined spots on its body.

Common Name: Oregon Spotted Frog
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The Oregon Spotted Frog has a red belly that doesn’t have spots on it. The Frog has a more reddish appearance than the Columbia Spotted Frog or the Cascade Frog.

Common Name: Northern Red-legged Frog
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The Northern Red-Legged Frog has a red belly that is spotted. The dorsal ridge is full on the frog.

Common Name: Columbia Spotted Frog
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The Columbia Spotted Frog has small spots all over its body and a reddish belly.

Foothill Yellow-legged Frog (Rana boylii)

Common Name: Foothill Yellow-legged Frog
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As the name suggests, the Foothill Yellow-Legged Frog has yellow on the underside of the legs and belly. It does not have a mask around its face.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

Common Name: Pacific Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Pseudacris regilla
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The Pacific Tree Frog is the only native tree frog in the state. Its really a chorus frog too, not even a Hyla Tree Frog.

Tailed Frog Family  – Ascaphidae

Common Name: Coastal Tailed Frog
Scientific Name:
Ascaphus truei
Location:
Western coast of the state
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Common Name: Rocky Mountain Tailed Frog
Scientific Name:
Ascaphus montanus
Location:
Eastern side of the state
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Toads

True Toad Family – Bufonidae

The True Toads are your typical toad. They usually have a parotid gland behind their eyes that contain a poison called  It is not advised to let your dog eat these guys.

Common Name: Western Toad
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The Western Toad lacks a cranial crest.

Common Name: Woodhouse’s Toad
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The Woodhouse’s Toad has a cranial crest that looks like two opposing L’s.

Spadefoot Toad Family – Scaphiopodidae

Common Name: Great Basin Spadefoot Toad
Scientific Name:
Spea intermontana
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Great Basin Spadefoot Toad is the only spadefoot toad in the state. It has a spade on each of its rear feet which make it easy to distinguish.

Introduced Species

American Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)

Common Name: American Bullfrog
Scientific Name:
Rana catesbeiana
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The American Bullfrog is an introduced and invasive species in the state. Its large size and appetite causes serious problems for other wildlife in the state.

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