Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of New Jersey

Frogs and Toads of New Jersey

If you are looking to identify a specific frog and can’t figure it out from the page, you can check my Frog Identification and see how to contact me about helping you out.

Frogs

New Jersey is home to a good range of frogs for its size.

True Frog Family – Ranidae

American Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)

Common Name: American Bullfrog
Scientific Name:
Rana catesbeiana
Location:
Statewide
Breeding Season:

Green Frog (Rana clamitans)

Common Name: Green Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana clamitans
Location:
Statewide
Breeding Season:

The Green Frog and American Bullfrog looks the same but the Bullfrog can grow larger and they lack a dorsal ridge down their back.

Common Name: Carpenter Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana virgatipes
Location:
Southern half of the state
Breeding Season:

Carpenter Frog is identifiable because of their brown color and two yellow lines that run down their back.

Wood Frog (Rana sylvatica)

Common Name: Wood Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana sylvatica
Location:
Statewide
Breeding Season:

The Wood Frog is easily identified by the raccoon mask around its eyes. Wood Frogs vary in color depending on their sex, with females being more red in color.

Common Name: Pickeral Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana palustris
Location:
Statewide
Breeding Season:

Common Name: Southern Leopard Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana sphenocephalus
Location:
Statewide
Breeding Season:

Common Name: Atlantic Coast Leopard Frog
Scientific Name: 
Rana kauffeldi
Location: 
Northern part of the state + western edge
Breeding Season:

Pickeral Frog and the Southern Leopard Frog look alike but the Pickeral Frog has more square spots than the Southern Leopard Frog.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

There are many different tree frogs in New Jersey for its size. They fall into three groups: Tree Frogs, Cricket Frogs, and Chorus Frogs.

Common Name: Northern Cricket Frog
Scientific Name:
Acris crepitans
Location:
Statewide
Breeding Season:

The Northern Cricket Frog is the only Cricket Frog in the state.

Common Name: New Jersey Chorus Frog
Scientific Name:
Pseudacris kalmi
Location:
February to April
Breeding Season:

The New Jersey Chorus Frog and the Northern Cricket Frog are very similar. The New Jersey Chorus Frog has 3 lines down its back.

Common Name: Pine Barren’s Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Hyla andersonii
Location:
Southeastern part of the state
Breeding Season:

Pine Barren’s Tree Frog has a a purple stripe down thru its eye and down its side.

Eastern Gray Tree Frog (Hyla versicolor) and Cope’s Gray Tree Frog (Hyla chrysoscelis)

Common Name: Eastern Gray Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Hyla versicolor
Location:
Statewide
Breeding Season:

The Gray Tree Frogs are identical besides their calls. They are relatively larger than the Chorus and Cricket Frogs.

Here is a video of some Eastern Gray Tree Frog males calling that I took

Common Name: Cope’s Gray Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Hyla chrysoscelis
Location:
Statewide
Breeding Season:

Toads

True Toad Family – Bufonidae

The True Toads are your typical toad. They usually have a parotid gland behind their eyes that contain a poison called  It is not advised to let your dog eat these guys.

American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

Common Name: American Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrs americanus
Location:
Northern half
Breeding Season:

Common Name: Fowler’s Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus fowleri
Location:
Statewide
Breeding Season:

The Fowler’s Toad and the American Toad look very much a like but there are some differences in the back of the head.

bufo-cranial

The American Toad’s parotid gland is separated from the cranial crest while the Fowler’s Toad’s touches.

Spadefoot Toad Family–   Scaphiopodidae

american_eastern_spadefoot_toad
Eastern Spadefoot Toad (Scaphiopus holbrookii)

Common Name: Eastern Spadefoot Toad
Scientific Name:
Scaphiopus holbrookii
Location:
Southern half
Breeding Season:

The Eastern Spadefoot Toad is the only Spadefoot Toad in the state. Just look at the back foot and see if there is a spade.

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