Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Nevada

Frogs and Toads of Nevada

Frogs

True Frog Family – Ranidae

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Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens)

Common Name: Northern Leopard Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana pipiens
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Northern Leopard Frog has fairly large spots all over their body. The dorsal ridge is nearly complete.

Common Name: Lowland Leopard Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana yavapaiensis
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Lowland Leopard Frog is stockier and paler than the Northern Leopard Frog.

Relict Leopard Frog (Rana onca)

Common Name: Relict Leopard Frog
Scientific Name: Rana
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Relict Leopard Frog is a candidate for endangered species protection. The dorsal folds on the frog end well before the groin. It also has shorter legs than the Northern Leopard Frog.

Common Name: Sierra Nevada Yellow-legged Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana sierrae
Location:
Probably extinct in Nevada but was found in western border with California
Breeding Season:

Common Name: Columbia Spotted Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana luteiventris
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Columbia Spotted Frog has small spots all over their body that are often lighter on the inside.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

Common Name: Pacific Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana regilla
Location:
Breeding Season:

Pacific Tree Frog has the stripe through its eye but no stripes down its back.

Common Name: Canyon Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Hyla arenicolor
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Canyon Tree Frog lacks a stripe that runs through its eye.

Toads

True Toad Family – Bufonidae

Common Name: Arizona Toad
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Arizona Toad is found in the southeast corner of the state. The toad has weak or no cranial crests.

Common Name: Red Spotted Toad
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Red Spotted Toad has a small flattened head and body with weak or no cranial crest. It is found in the southern part of the state.

Common Name: Great Plains Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus cognatus
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Great Plains Toad has a well defined cranial crest that forms a V shape.

Video of a male Great Plains Toad calling by Annika Enloe

Common Name: Western Toad
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Western Toad has no cranial crests and has a white line down its back.

Common Name: Woodhouse’s Toad
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Woodhouse’s Toad has well defined cranial crest that form opposing L shapes.

Conservation status is Endangered

Common Name: Amargosa Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus nelsoni
Location:
Oasis Valley
Breeding Season:

The Amargosa Toad has no cranial crest and has a stripe down its back like the Western Toad. The difference between the two is that the Amargosa Toad has a more slender head, less blunt snout, and shorter limbs.

Dixie Valley Toad (Anaxyrus williamsi)

Common Name: Dixie Valley Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus williamsi
Location:
Dixie Valley
Breeding Season:

The Dixie Valley Toad was only discovered in 2017.

Spadefoot Toad – Scaphiopodidae

Common Name: Great Plains Spadefoot Toad
Scientific Name:
Spea intermontana
Location:
Breeding Season:

Great Basin Spadefoot Toad is the only spadefoot toad in the state of Nevada. It has a spade on each of its rear feet which make it easy to distinguish.

Introduced

American Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)

Common Name: American Bullfrog
Scientific Name:
Rana catesbeiana
Location:
Breeding Season:

The American Bullfrog is the largest native frog in the United States. There is no dorsal ridge that runs down its back on the American Bullfrog. This is the distinguishable characteristics of the frog. It has a negative effect on native animals including other frogs.

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