Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Indiana

Frogs and Toads of Indiana

Indiana has a great mix of different species of frogs and toads.

If you are looking to identify a specific frog and can’t figure it out from the page, you can check my Frog Identification and see how to contact me about helping you out.

Frogs

True Frog Family – Ranidae

Wood Frog (Rana sylvatica)

Common Name: Wood Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Wood Frog is very distinct frog. It has a dark “racoon” like mask around its eyes and its brownish color.

American Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)

Common Name: American Bullfrog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

Green Frog (Rana clamitans)

Common Name: Green Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Green Frog and American Bullfrog looks the same but the Bullfrog can grow larger and they lack a dorsal ridge down their back.

Common Name: Crawfish Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Crawfish Frog gets its name from living in crawfish holes. Its has skin folds on the side and a small typanum. It also has a pair of vocal sacs for calling.

Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens)

Common Name: Northern Leopard Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

Common Name: Plains Leopard Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

Common Name: Southern Leopard Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Southern Leopard Frog has a white spot on its tympanum which can help differentiate the species from the other two. The Plains Leopard Frog is different from the Southern and Northern Leopard Frog because of its dorsal ridge. The Plains Leopard Frogs has a break and an indent near its butt while the North and South Leopard Frog just has a straight line.

Common Name: Pickeral Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

Pickeral Frog looks like the leopard frogs but its spots are more rectangular than the leopard frogs.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

Common Name: Bird-Voiced Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

Cope’s Gray Tree Frog (Hyla chrysoscelis) and Eastern Gray Tree Frog (Hyla versicolor)

Common Name: Eastern Gray Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

Cope’s Gray Tree Frog and the Eastern Gray Tree Frog are identical besides their calls.

Here is a video of some male Eastern Gray Tree Frog calling

Common Name: Cope’s Gray Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

Green Tree Frog (Hyla cinerea)

Common Name: Green Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Green and Gray Tree Frogs can be confused. The Gray Tree Frogs can also be green in color. Green Tree Frogs have a white line down their mouth.

Common Name: Blanchard’s Cricket Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

There is only one cricket frog in Indiana. Cricket Frogs don’t have any distinct markings on their body.

Common Name: Western Chorus Frog
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Western Chorus Frog has three lines that run down their back. They are a tiny species of frog, not even reaching 2 inches long.

Common Name: Spring Peeper
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Spring Peeper is another small species of frog and looks similar to the Western Chorus Frog but it has a X shaped mark on its back.

Toads

True Toad Family – Bufonidae

The True Toads are your typical toad. They usually have a parotid gland behind their eyes that contain a poison called  It is not advised to let your dog eat these guys.

Indiana has only two species of true toads – the Fowler’s Toad and the American Toad. They look very much a like but there are some differences in the back of the head.

American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

Common Name: American Toad
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

Common Name: Fowler’s Toad
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The American Toad’s parotid gland is separated from the craniel crest while the Fowler’s Toad’s touches.

bufo-cranial

Spadefoot Toad Family – Scaphiopodidae

Common Name: Eastern Spadefoot Toad
Scientific Name:
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Eastern Spadefoot toad is the only spadefoot toad in the state. Look for a spade on its rear legs to identify it.

Leave a Reply