Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Idaho

Frogs and Toads of Idaho

Frogs

True Frog Family – Ranidae

Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens)

Common Name: Northern Leopard Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana pipiens
Location:
Breeding Season:

Common Name: Columbia Spotted Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana luteiventris
Location:
Breeding Season:

Both the Northern Leopard Frog and Columbia Spotted Frog have spots but the Northern Leopard Frog has larger spots that cover all of the body. Also the Columbia Spotted Frog has wide stripe by it’s lips that extends to jaw.

Wood Frog (Rana sylvatica)

Common Name: Wood Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana sylvatica
Location:
Northern tip of state
Breeding Season:

The Wood Frog is an easy to identify frog due to the dark black mask around their eyes.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

Common Name: Pacific Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Pseudacris regilla
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Pacific Tree Frog has no lines down it’s back. It has a black line that goes down its eye and down its side.

Common Name: Boreal Chorus Frog
Scientific Name:
Pseudacris maculata
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Boreal Chorus Frog has three lines down it’s back which is the key trait to tell it apart from other tree frogs in the state.

Tailed Frog Family  – Ascaphidae

Rocky Mountain Tailed Frog (Ascaphus montanus)

Common Name: Rocky Mountain Tailed Frog
Scientific Name:
Ascaphus montanus
Location:
Northern part of Idaho
Breeding Season:
Early fall but eggs are laid in the following summer.

The Rocky Mountain Tailed Frog is the only frog in the state that lacks an external tympanum (ear drum). Males of the species have a “tail” that they use to internally fertilize their mates.

Toads

True Toad Family – Bufonidae

The True Toads are your typical toad. They usually have a parotid gland behind their eyes that contain a poison called  It is not advised to let your dog eat these guys.

Common Name: Western Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus boreas
Location:
Breeding Season:

Common Name: Woodhouse’s Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus woodhousii
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Western Toad does not have a cranial crest on it’s head while the Woodhouse’s Toad does.

Spadefoot Toad Family – Scaphiopodidae

Common Name: Great Basin Spadefoot Toad
Scientific Name:
Spea intermontana
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Great Basin Spadefoot is the only spadefoot toad in the state. They have a spade on their foot which makes them distinct.

Introduced

American Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)

Common Name: American Bullfrog
Scientific Name:
Rana catesbeiana
Location:
Breeding Season:

The American Bullfrog has been introduced to the state. It is a highly invasive species and can eat a wide range of wildlife because of it’s size.

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