Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Idaho

Frogs and Toads of Idaho

Frogs

True Frog Family – Ranidae

Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens)

Common Name: Northern Leopard Frog
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Common Name: Columbia Spotted Frog
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Both the Northern Leopard Frog and Columbia Spotted Frog have spots but the Northern Leopard Frog has larger spots that cover all of the body. Also the Columbia Spotted Frog has wide stripe by it’s lips that extends to jaw.

Wood Frog (Rana sylvatica)

Common Name: Wood Frog
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The Wood Frog is an easy to identify frog due to the dark black mask around their eyes. They are only found in the northern tip of the state.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

Common Name: Pacific Tree Frog
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The Pacific Tree Frog has no lines down it’s back. It has a black line that goes down its eye and down its side.

Common Name: Boreal Chorus Frog
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The Boreal Chorus Frog has three lines down it’s back which is the key trait to tell it apart from other tree frogs in the state.

Tailed Frog Family  – Ascaphidae

Common Name: Coastal Tailed Frog
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Male Coastal Tailed Frogs have a tail like structure on their body when they are adults. They have vertical pupils in the eyes and rough skin like a toad.

Toads

True Toad Family – Bufonidae

The True Toads are your typical toad. They usually have a parotid gland behind their eyes that contain a poison called  It is not advised to let your dog eat these guys.

Common Name: Western Toad
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Common Name: Woodhouse’s Toad
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The Western Toad does not have a cranial crest on it’s head while the Woodhouse’s Toad does.

Spadefoot Toad Family – Scaphiopodidae

Common Name: Great Basin Spadefoot Toad
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The Great Basin Spadefoot is the only spadefoot toad in the state. They have a spade on their foot which makes them distinct.

Introduced

American Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)

Common Name: American Bullfrog
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The American Bullfrog has been introduced to the state. It is a highly invasive species and can eat a wide range of wildlife because of it’s size.

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