Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Utah

Frogs and Toads of Utah

If you are looking to identify a specific frog and can’t figure it out from the page, you can check my Frog Identification and see how to contact me about helping you out.

Frogs

True Frog Family – Ranidae

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American Bullfrog (Rana catesbeianus)

Common Name: American Bullfrog
Scientific Name:
Rana catesbeianus
Location:
Breeding Season:

The American Bullfrog is the largest native frog in the United States. There is no dorsal ridge that runs down its back on the American Bullfrog. This is the distinguishable characteristics of the frog.

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Green Frog (Rana clamitans)

Common Name: Green Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana clamitans
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Green Frog looks very much like the American Bullfrog but it’s a tad smaller. It has a dorsal ridge that runs down its back but they are incomplete and do not reach all the way.

Common Name: Colombia Spotted Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana luteiventris
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Columbia Spotted Frog has small spots all over their body that are often lighter on the inside.

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Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens)

Common Name: Northern Leopard Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana pipiens
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Northern Leopard Frog has fairly large spots all over their body. The dorsal ridge is nearly complete.

Common Name: Lowland Leopard Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana yavapaiensis
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Lowland Leopard Frog is stockier and paler than the Northern Leopard Frog.

Rana_onca
Relict Leopard Frog (Rana onca)

Common Name: Relict Leopard Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana onca
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Relict Leopard Frog hasn’t been seen in the state since the 50s so it is probably extinct but who knows. The dorsal folds on the frog end well before the groin. It also has shorter legs than the Northern Leopard Frog.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

Common Name: Canyon Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Hyla arenicolor
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Canyon Tree Frog lacks a stripe that runs through its eye.

Common Name: Pacific Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Pseudacris regilla
Location:
Breeding Season:

Pacific Tree Frog has the stripe through its eye but no stripes down its back.

Common Name: Boreal Chorus Frog
Scientific Name:
Pseudacris maculata
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Boreal Chorus Frog has a stripe through its eye and three down its back.

Toads

True Toad Family – Bufonidae

Common Name: Arizona Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus microscaphus
Location:
Southwest Corner
Breeding Season:

The toad has weak or no cranial crests.

Common Name: Great Plains Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus cognatus
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Great Plains Toad has a well defined cranial crest that forms a V shape.

Video of a male Great Plains Toad calling by Annika Enloe

Common Name: Red Spotted Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus punctatus
Location:
Southern part of the state
Breeding Season:

The Red Spotted Toad has a small flattened head and body with weak or no cranial crest.

Common Name: Western Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus boreas
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Western Toad has no cranial crests and has a white line down its back.

Common Name: Woodhouse’s Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus woodhousii
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Woodhouse’s Toad has well defined cranial crest that form opposing L shapes.

Spadefoot Toad Family – Scaphiopodidae

The Spadefoot Toads are a fossorial group of “toads”, meaning they spend most of their time underground. They are not considered true toads but are still called toads.

Common Name: Great Basin Spadefoot Toad
Scientific Name:
Spea intermontana
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Great Basin Spadefoot toad has glandular boss between its eyes.

Common Name: Mexican Spadefoot Toad
Scientific Name:
Spea multiplicata
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Mexican Spadefoot Toad has no boss between its eyes.

Common Name: Plains Spadefoot Toad
Scientific Name:
Spea bombifrons
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Plains Spadefoot Toad has a bony boss between its eyes.

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