Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of New York

Frogs and Toads of New York

If you are looking to identify a specific frog and can’t figure it out from the page, you can check my Frog Identification and see how to contact me about helping you out.

Frogs

New York has a variety of different types of frogs from the family Hylidae and family Ranidae.

True Frog Family – Ranidae

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American Bullfrog (Rana catesbeianus)

Common Name: American Bullfrog
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Green Frog (Rana clamitans)

Common Name: Green Frog
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The Green Frog and American Bullfrog looks the same but the Bullfrog can grow larger and they lack a dorsal ridge down their back.

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Mink Frog (Rana septrentionalis) 

Common Name: Mink Frog
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Mink Frog looks kinda like the Green and Bullfrog but it has a more black marbled back.

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Wood Frog (Rana sylvaticus)

Common Name: Wood Frog
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The Wood Frog has a raccoon like mask on its face that makes it easy to identify.

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Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens)

Common Name: Northern Leopard Frog
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Common Name: Southern Leopard Frog
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Common Name: Pickeral Frog
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Pickeral Frog, Northern Leopard Frog, and Southern Leopard Frog look very similar to each other because of the spots but the Pickeral frog’s spots are more rectangular than the Leopard Frogs. The Southern Leopard Frog has less spots on the side of its side compared to the Northern Leopard Frog.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

Common Name: Northern Cricket Frog
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Northern Cricket Frog is the only cricket frog in New York. They have a distinct green line down its back and 2 white spots on the back of its inside legs.

Common Name: Eastern Gray Tree Frog
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These two frogs are identical besides their calls and chromosome numbers. These tree frogs are also larger than the ones below. Also note that Gray Tree Frogs are not always gray and can be green. They also have yellow coloration on their back legs.

Common Name: Cope’s Gray Tree Frog
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Common Name: Spring Peeper
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Spring Peeper can be identified by the X marking on its back.

Common Name: Western Chorus Frog
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The Western Chorus Frog has three lines that run down its back unlike the Spring Peeper, Northern Cricket Frog, or Gray Tree Frogs. They are found along the western border of the state.

Common Name: Boreal Chorus Frog
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The Boreal Chorus Frog has three lines that run down its back too, like the Western Chorus Frog. It has shorter hind legs than the Midland Chorus Frog. They are found more in the northeastern border of the state with Canada and Vermont.

Toads

True Toads – Bufonidae

The True Toads are your typical toad. They usually have a parotid gland behind their eyes that contain a poison called  It is not advised to let your dog eat these guys.

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American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

Common Name: American Toad
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FowlersToad
Fowler’s Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri)

Common Name: Fowler’s Toad
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New York has only two species of true toads – the Fowler’s Toad and the American Toad. They look very much a like but there are some differences in the back of the head.

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The American Toad’s parotid gland is separated from the craniel crest while the Fowler’s Toad’s touches.

Spadefoot Toads –   Scaphiopodidae

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Eastern Spadefoot Toad (Scaphiopus holbrookii) 

Common Name: Eastern Spadefoot Toad
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Eastern Spadefoot Toad is the only spadefoot toad in New York. Its the only toad with a spade on its back feet.

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