Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of New York

Frogs and Toads of New York

Frogs

New York has a variety of different types of frogs from the family Hylidae and family Ranidae.

True Frog Family – Ranidae

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American Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus)

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Green Frog (Lithobates clamitans)

The Green Frog and American Bullfrog looks the same but the Bullfrog can grow larger and they lack a dorsal ridge down their back.

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Mink Frog (Lithobates septrentionalis) 

Mink Frog looks kinda like the Green and Bullfrog but it has a more black marbled back.

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Wood Frog (Lithobates sylvaticus)

The Wood Frog has a raccoon like mask on its face that makes it easy to identify.

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Northern Leopard Frog (Lithobates pipiens)

Southern Leopard Frog (Lithobates sphenocephalus) photo by Bob Warrick
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Pickerel Frog (Lithobates palustris)

Pickeral Frog, Northern Leopard Frog, and Southern Leopard Frog look very similar to each other because of the spots but the Pickeral frog’s spots are more rectangular than the Leopard Frogs. The Southern Leopard Frog has less spots on the side of its side compared to the Northern Leopard Frog.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

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Northern Cricket Frog (Acris crepitans)

Northern Cricket Frog is the only cricket frog in New York. They have a distinct green line down its back and 2 white spots on the back of its inside legs.

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Eastern Gray Tree Frog (Hyla veriscolor) and Cope’s Gray Tree Frog (Hyla chrysoscelis)

These two frogs are identical besides their calls and chromosome numbers. These tree frogs are also larger than the ones below. Also note that Gray Tree Frogs are not always gray and can be green. They also have yellow coloration on their back legs.

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Spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer)

Spring Peeper can be identified by the X marking on its back.

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Midland Chorus Frog (Pseudacris triseriata)

The Midland Chorus Frog has three lines that run down its back unlike the Spring Peeper, Northern Cricket Frog, or Gray Tree Frogs. They are found along the western border of the state.

Boreal Chorus Frog (Pseudacris maculata)

The Boreal Chorus Frog has three lines that run down its back too, like the Midland Chorus Frog. It has shorter hind legs than the Midland Chorus Frog. They are found more in the northeastern border of the state with Canada and Vermont.

Toads

True Toads – Bufonidae

The True Toads are your typical toad. They usually have a parotid gland behind their eyes that contain a poison called  It is not advised to let your dog eat these guys.

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American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

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Fowler’s Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri)

New York has only two species of true toads – the Fowler’s Toad and the American Toad. They look very much a like but there are some differences in the back of the head.

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The American Toad’s parotid gland is separated from the craniel crest while the Fowler’s Toad’s touches.

Spadefoot Toads –   Scaphiopodidae

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Eastern Spadefoot Toad (Scaphiopus holbrookii) 

Eastern Spadefoot Toad is the only spadefoot toad in New York. Its the only toad with a spade on its back feet.

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