Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Washington

Frogs and Toads of Washington

The States of Washington is home to a many different species of frogs and toads. Learn about them and how to identify them below.

If you are looking to identify a specific frog and can’t figure it out from the page, you can check my Frog Identification and see how to contact me about helping you out.

Frogs

True Frog Family – Ranidae

The True Frogs are your typical frogs that are generally found along the shores of a lake or pond. However, some species are more terrestrial than others.

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Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens)

Common Name: Northern Leopard Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana pipiens
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Northern Leopard Frog has a pale complete dorsal ridge and well defined spots all over its body.

Common Name: Cascade Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana cascadae
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Cascade Frog has a yellowish underside and not well-defined spots on its body.  Dorsal ridge down its side.

Common Name: Columbia Spotted Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana luteiventris
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Columbia Spotted Frog has small spots all over its body and a reddish belly.

Common Name: Oregon Spotted Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana pretiosa
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Oregon Spotted Frog has a red belly that doesn’t have spots on it. The Frog has a more reddish appearance than the Columbia Spotted Frog or the Cascade Frog.

Common Name: Northern Red-Legged Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana aurora
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Northern Red-Legged Frog has a red belly that is spotted. The dorsal ridge is full on the frog.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

Not all the members of the tree frog family lives in the trees. You can find many of them on the ground.

Common Name: Pacific Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Pseudacris regilla
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Pacific Tree Frog is the only native tree frog in the state of Washington. Its really a chorus frog too, not even a Hyla Tree Frog.

Tailed Frog Family -Ascaphidae

The Tailed Frog family is known for the tails that only males have. They use these tails for reproductive purposes.

Common Name: Rocky Mountain Tailed Frog
Scientific Name:
Ascaphus montanus
Location:
Southeastern corner of the state
Breeding Season:
Fall but egg laying happens in the following summer

Common Name: Coastal Tailed Frog
Scientific Name:
Ascaphus truei
Location:
Western side of the state
Breeding Season:

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Toads

True Toad Family – Bufonidae

The True Toads are the typical toads that you know. They have warts along their back and parotoid glands behind their eyes. These toads produce toxins so make sure to wash your hands after handling and don’t eat them.

Common Name: Western Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus boreas
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Western Toad lacks a cranial crest which separates it from the other toads in the state.

Common Name: Woodhouse’s Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus woodhousi
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Woodhouse’s Toad has a cranial crest that looks like two opposing L’s.

Spadefoot Toad Family – Scaphiopodidae

Spadefoot Toads are easy to seperate from the other toads and frogs because they have keratonized “spades” on their rear feet that are used for digging.

Common Name: Great Basin Spadefoot Toad
Scientific Name:
Spea intermontana
Location:
Breeding Season:

Great Basin Spadefoot Toad is the only spadefoot toad in the state of Washington. It has a spade on each of its rear feet and elliptical eyes which make it easy to distinguish.

Introduced

American Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)

Common Name: American Bullfrog
Scientific Name:
Rana catesbeiana
Location:
Breeding Season:

Green Frog (Rana clamitans)

Common Name: Green Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana clamitans
Location:
Breeding Season:

The American Bull Frog and the Green Frog have both been introduced to the state and can cause problems for native species. Both frogs are rather large and have ferocious appetites.

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