Frogs and Toads of New Hampshire
If you are looking to identify a specific frog and can’t figure it out from the page, you can check my Frog Identification and see how to contact me about helping you out.
Common Name: Eastern Gray Tree Frog
Scientific Name: Hyla versicolor
Breeding Season: April to July
The Eastern Gray Tree Frog is a medium sized frog that can be found perched in trees or on the side of your house. They are not always gray in color and can be green. They have yellow or orange coloration on their back legs.
Here is a video of some Eastern Gray Tree Frog males calling that I took
Common Name: Spring Peeper
Scientific Name: Pseudacris crucifer
Breeding Season: After the snow melts to July
The Spring Peeper is a small chorus frog that can often be found on forest floor or low on trunks of trees. They can be hard to find due to their small size, however, in spring when they come to temporary ponds to breed, they are easier to find. The Spring Peeper has a x shaped mark on its back.
True Frog Family – Ranidae
Common Name: Green Frog
Scientific Name: Rana clamitans
Breeding Season: May to July
The Green Frog is a medium to large sized frog. They can be commonly found near pretty much any water body such as ponds, lakes, or streams. Once the males of the species reach sexual maturity, their throats turn bright yellow. Best way to tell them apart from other true frogs below is the dorsal ridge on its back does not go all the way down its back.
Common Name: American Bullfrog
Scientific Name: Rana catesbeiana
Breeding Season: May to August
The American Bullfrog is the largest frog in the state. They are found near permanent bodies of water such as large ponds, streams, and lakes. Once the males of the species reach sexual maturity, their throats turn bright yellow. They are very similar to Green Frogs but they don’t have a dorsal ridge down their back. It wraps around their tympanum.
Common Name: Mink Frog
Scientific Name: Rana septrentrionalis
Location: Northern part of the state
Breeding Season: May through July
The Mink Frog gets its name after the smell it produces when being handled. They spend most of their time near and in lakes, ponds, and stream. The Mink Frog has a marbled look to it compared to the other frogs.
Common Name: Northern Leopard Frog
Scientific Name: Rana pipiens
Breeding Season: April – May
The Northern Leopard Frog is a medium to large species of semi aquatic species of frog. They vary in color from dark brown to slim green with fairly large spots all over their body.
Common Name: Pickeral Frog
Scientific Name: Rana palustris
Breeding Season: April through June
The Pickerel Frog is a medium to large sized frog. Their dorsal ridge runs down from their eye to their back and inside there is rectangular boxes.
Common Name: Wood Frog
Scientific Name: Rana sylvatica
Breeding Season: Once the snow melts to the end of April
The Wood Frog is a small to medium sized frog. They vary in color from brown, silver, or red and they have dark “raccoon” eyes. When winter comes, the Wood Frog can freeze completely solid and then unthaw in spring. They start to breed once the ice is off the ponds in late March / early April. After breeding season, they are often found in the woods, far away from any water bodies.
The True Toads are your typical toad. They usually have a parotid gland behind their eyes that contain a poison called It is not advised to let your dog eat these guys.
Common Name: American Toad
Scientific Name: Anaxyrus americanus
Breeding Season: April through July
Common Name: Fowler’s Toad
Scientific Name: Anaxyrus fowleri
Breeding Season: June – July
Best way I’ve found to tell apart Fowler’s Toad and American Toad’s is this image.