Frogs and Toads of Maine
Maine only has one toad species and a few frogs that fall into the tree frog and true frog families.
If you are looking to identify a specific frog and can’t figure it out from the page, you can check my Frog Identification and see how to contact me about helping you out.
Common Name: Spring Peeper
Scientific Name: Pseudacris crucifer
The Spring Peeper is a small chorus frog that can often be found on forest floor or low on trunks of trees. They can be hard to find due to their small size, however, in spring when they come to temporary ponds to breed, they are easier to find. They can be distinguished from other frogs due to their x on their back.
Common Name: Eastern Gray Tree Frog
Scientific Name: Hyla versicolor
Location: Southern half of the state
Breeding Season: After the snow melts to July
The Eastern Gray Tree Frog is a medium sized frog that can be found perched in trees or on the side of your house. They are not always gray in color and can be green. They have yellow or orange coloration on their back legs. They do not posses an x on its back so it can be easily identified if you can tell it apart from the Spring Peeper.
Here is a video of some Eastern Gray Tree Frog males calling that I took
The True Frogs are your typical frogs that are generally found along the shores of a lake or pond.
Common Name: Northern Leopard Frog
Scientific Name: Rana pipiens
Location: Everywhere besides the southern parts of the state
Breeding Season: May through June
The Northern Leopard Frog is a medium to large species of semi aquatic species of frog. They vary in color from dark brown to slim green with fairly large spots all over their body. The Northern Leopard Frog is a special concern species in the state of Maine.
Common Name: Pickeral Frog
Scientific Name: Rana palustris
Location: Everywhere besides the far north
The Pickerel Frog is a medium to large sized frog. Their dorsal ridge runs down from their eye to their back and inside there is rectangular boxes.
Common Name: American Bullfrog
Scientific Name: Rana catesbeiana
Breeding Season: Mid June to July
The American Bullfrog is the largest frog in the state. They are found near permanent bodies of water such as large ponds, streams, and lakes. Once the males of the species reach sexual maturity, their throats turn bright yellow. They are very similar to Green Frogs but they don’t have a dorsal ridge down their back. It wraps around their tympanum.
Common Name: Wood Frog
Scientific Name: Rana sylvatica
Breeding Season: March / early April
The Wood Frog is a small to medium sized frog. They vary in color from brown, silver, or red and they have dark “raccoon” eyes. When winter comes, the Wood Frog can freeze completely solid and then unthaw in spring. They start to breed once the ice is off the ponds in late March / early April. After breeding season, they are often found in the woods, far away from any water bodies.
Common Name: Mink Frog
Scientific Name: Rana septrentionalis
Location: Throughout the state besides the southeastern coast
The Mink Frog is very similiar to the Green Frog or American Bullfrog but the coloration on it is much different and has more black in it.
Common Name: Green Frog
Scientific Name: Rana clamitans
The Green Frog is a medium to large sized frog. They can be commonly found near pretty much any water body such as ponds, lakes, or streams. Once the males of the species reach sexual maturity, their throats turn bright yellow. Best way to tell them apart from other true frogs below is the dorsal ridge on its back does not go all the way down its back.
The True Toads are your typical toad. They usually have a parotid gland behind their eyes that contain a poison called It is not advised to let your dog eat these guys.
Common Name: American Toad
Scientific Name: Anaxyrus americanus
Breeding Season: Mid April to Mid May
The American Toad is the only toad species in Maine. They have warts and drier skin than the other frogs of the state.