Frogs and Toads of Wyoming
The American Bullfrog is the largest frog in the state. It lacks a dorsal ridge down it’s back while the other True Frogs have that ridge.
The Northern Leopard Frog kinda looks like the Columbia Spotted Frog but the spots on the Leopard Frog are much larger and fully colored in. The Northern Leopard is found throughout the state.
The Columbia Spotted Frog is found more in the western part of the state. It’s spots are much smaller and irregular than the Leopard Frog’s.
The Wood frog is the easiest frog to identify in the state. It’s dark mask around it’s eyes is a key give away. The frog varies in color from red, brown, and silver.
The Boreal Chorus Frog is the only Tree Frog in the state. It’s a small frog, only around a inch long.
The True Toads in the state have a parotoid gland behind their eye that creates the toxins for the toads.
The Wyoming Toad is a Federally Listed Endangered Species and listed by the IUCN Red List as Extinct in the Wild. The toad can be distinguished from the other toads in the state from it’s parallel cranial crests that sometimes get fused together to form what appears to be one line.
The Western Toad lacks a cranial crest or lines that run between the eyes.
The Woodhouse’s Toad cranial crests do not touch, creating opposing L shapes.
The Great Plains Toad does have a cranial crest and its V shaped. It’s found in the Eastern part of the state.
Spadefoot Toads are easy to seperate from the other toads and frogs because they have keratonized “spades” on their rear feet that are used for digging.
The Plains Spadefoot Toad has a more bony boss (bump between the eyes) than the Great Basin Spadefoot Toad. The toad is found in the eastern part of the state.
The Great Basin Spadefoot has a more glandular boss than the Plains Spadefoot Toad. It is found in the Southwestern part of the state.