Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Vermont

Frogs and Toads of Vermont


Tree Frogs – Hylidae


The Eastern Gray Tree Frog (Hyla veriscolor) is the larger tree frog in Vermont. They can be gray or green but they don’t have any markings on their back.


Spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer) is the smaller tree frog in Vermont. They have a distinct X on their back.

True Frog Family – Ranidae


Green Frog (Lithobates clamitans)

IMG_1138 (2)
American Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbianus)

The Green Frog and American Bullfrog looks the same but the Bullfrog can grow larger and they lack a dorsal ridge down their back.


Mink Frog (Lithobates septentrionalis) has a marbled look on their back while no other frog in Vermont has that look.

Northern Leopard Frog (Lithobates pipiens)
Pickeral Frog (Lithobates palustris)

Pickeral Frog and Northern Leopard Frog  look very similar to each other because of the spots but the Pickeral frog’s spots are more rectangular than the Northern Leopard Frog.

Wood Frog (Lithobates sylvaticus) has a noticeable raccoon mask on their face that gives them a distinct look.


True Toads – Bufonidae

American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)


Fowler’s Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri)


This graphic best tells how to tell apart the Fowler’s Toad and American Toad apart.


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