Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Vermont

Frogs and Toads of Vermont

Vermont is home to a great variety of frogs and toads from tree frogs such as the Spring Peeper to toads such as the American Toad.


Tree Frogs – Hylidae


The Eastern Gray Tree Frog (Hyla veriscolor) is the larger tree frog in Vermont. They can be gray or green but they don’t have any markings on their back.


Spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer) is a small tree frog from Vermont. They have a distinct X on their back.

Boreal Chorus Frog (Pseudacris maculata)

The Boreal Chorus Frog is small frog with three stripes down their back. These stripes can be broken.

True Frog Family – Ranidae

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Green Frog (Lithobates clamitans)

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American Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbianus)

The Green Frog and American Bullfrog looks the same but the Bullfrog can grow larger and they lack a dorsal ridge down their back.


Mink Frog (Lithobates septentrionalis) has a marbled look on their back while no other frog in Vermont has that look.

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Northern Leopard Frog (Lithobates pipiens)

Pickeral Frog (Lithobates palustris)

Pickeral Frog and Northern Leopard Frog  look very similar to each other because of the spots but the Pickeral frog’s spots are more rectangular than the Northern Leopard Frog.

Wood Frog (Lithobates sylvaticus) has a noticeable raccoon mask on their face that gives them a distinct look.


True Toads – Bufonidae

American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)
Fowler’s Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri)

The American Toad has a heavily speckled belly while the Fowler’s Toad has a clear, white belly.


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