Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Georgia

Frogs and Toads of Georgia

If you are looking to identify certain frogs and toads of Alabama and can’t figure it out from the page, you can check my Frog Identification and see how to contact me about helping you out.

Frogs

Georgia is home to a wide variety of frogs from a few different families. The True Frogs are your typical frogs that are generally found along the shores of a lake or pond.

True Frog Family – Ranidae

Green Frog / Bronze Frog (Rana clamitans)

Common Name: Green Frog / Bronze Frog
Scientific Name: Rana clamitans
Location: Throughout the state
Breeding Season: Spring to summer

Mature males have bright yellow throats while females and non sexually mature males have white throats

Common Name: Pig Frog
Scientific Name: Rana grylio
Location: Southern half
Breeding Season: Late Spring to August

American Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)

Common Name: American Bullfrog
Scientific Name: Rana catesbeiana
Location: Throughout state
Breeding Season: Late Spring and Summer

The American Bullfrog is the largest frog in the North America. It looks very similar to the Bronze Frog, but the dorsal ridge wraps around the tympanum while the Bronze Frog’s dorsal ridge is incomplete and does not extend all the way to its rear. The American Bullfrog is also very similar to the Pig Frog, but the Pig Frog has bolder spots / stripes on the back of its thighs while the Bullfrog has light spots.

Common Name: River Frog
Scientific Name: Rana heckscheri
Location: Southern part
Breeding Season: April to early August

River Frog does not have a dorsal ridge which is a key identification characteristic. Its skin is also a lot more rough and wrinkly than another true frogs.

Common Name: Pickeral Frog
Scientific Name: Rana palustris
Location: Northern part
Breeding Season: Late March to early May

The Pickeral Frog has rectangular markings on its back that differ it from the Southern Leopard Frog.

Common Name: Southern Leopard Frog
Scientific Name: Rana spenocephala
Location: Throughout state
Breeding Season: Winter through spring but possibly breed again in the fall

The Southern Leopard Frog has large spots on its body. The skin is smooth.

Wood Frog (Rana sylvatica)

Common Name: Wood Frog
Scientific Name: Rana sylvatica
Location: Around the northern border
Breeding Season: February

The Wood Frog is a very easy to identify because of their dark mask around their face. They are more terrestrial than other frog species.

Common Name: Carpenter Frog
Scientific Name: Rana virgatipes
Location: Eastern Coast
Breeding Season: Late spring to summer

Carpenter Frog is identifiable because of their brown color and two yellow lines that run down their back.

Common Name: Gopher Frog
Scientific Name: Rana capito
Location: Southeastern
Breeding Season: Spring

The Gopher Frog is a rare frog in the state. The dorsal ridge of the frog is nearly complete.

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Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

There are three main group of tree frogs in Georgia: Cricket Frogs (Acris), Chorus Frogs (Pseudacris), and Tree Frogs (Hyla). Not all the members of the tree frog family lives in the trees. You can find many of them on the ground.

Cricket Frogs (Acris)

Common Name: Northern Cricket Frog
Scientific Name:
Acris crepitans
Location: 
Northern half
Breeding Season:
Spring through summer

Common Name: Southern Cricket Frog
Scientific Name:
Acris gryllus
Location: 
Southern half
Breeding Season:
Spring through summer

The Cricket Frogs look really similar but there’s a few ways to tell them apart. The Southern Cricket Frog has a more pointed snout while the Northern Cricket Frog has a more blunt snout. The Southern Cricket Frog doesn’t have as much webbing on the back legs as the Northern Cricket Frog.

Tree Frogs (Hyla)

Cope’s Gray Tree Frog (Hyla chrysoscelis)

Common Name: Cope’s Gray Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Hyla chrysoscelis
Location: 
Throughout the state
Breeding Season:
March to August

Common Name: Pinewood’s Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Hyla femoralis
Location: 
Breeding Season:

Common Name: Bird-voiced Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Hyla avivoca
Location: 
Coastal plains
Breeding Season:
Spring through summer

The Gray Tree Frogs, Pinewoods Frog, and the Bird-Voiced Frog  look very much a like. The difference is the coloration on the inner thigh. The Gray Tree Frogs has brighter orange color on the thigh while the Bird-Voiced Frog is more greenish-yellow. The Pinewoods Frog has dots / spots on the inner thigh.

Green Tree Frog (Hyla cinerea)

Common Name: Green Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Hyla cinerea
Location: 
Southern half
Breeding Season:
March to October

hyla_gratiosa_umfs_2014_2
Barking Tree Frog (Hyla gratiosa)

Common Name: Barking Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Hyla gratiosa
Location: 
Southern half
Breeding Season:
March to August

Largest tree frog in the state

Common Name: Squirrel Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Hyla squirellus
Location: 
Southern half
Breeding Season:
March to October

The Green Tree Frog, Squirrel Tree Frog, and Barking Tree Frog are all very similar. The Barking Tree Frog has much rougher skin than the others. The Green Tree Frog has a white line down its side.

Chorus Frog (Pseudacris)

Common Name: Mountain Chorus Frog
Scientific Name:
Pseudacris brachyphona
Location: 
Around the North Carolina border in the Georgia Mountains
Breeding Season:
March to May

Common Name: Spring Peeper
Scientific Name:
Pseudacris crucifer
Location: 
Throughout the state
Breeding Season:
Winter through early spring

Spring Peeper and the Mountain Chorus Frog are similar but the markings on their back can be used to tell them apart. The Spring Peeper has an X on its back while the Mountain Chorus Frog has 2 backwards parenthesizes that look like )(. Sometimes they touch that can kinda look like an x but there’s also a dark triangle between its eyes that the Spring Peeper doesn’t have.

Upland Chorus Frog (Pseudacris feriarum)

Common Name: Upland Chorus Frog
Scientific Name:
Pseudacrus feriarum
Location: 
Piedmont and Mountain areas
Breeding Season:
February to March

Common Name: Southern Chorus Frog
Scientific Name:
Pseudacris nigrita
Location: 
Coastal Plains
Breeding Season:
Winter through spring

The Upland Chorus Frog and the Southern Chorus Frog look extremely alike. The main differences is in their calls and where they are found.

Little Grass Frog (Pseudacris ocularis)

Common Name: Little Grass Frog
Scientific Name:
Pseudacris ocularis
Location: 
Coastal half
Breeding Season:
All year round but peaks in late spring

Common Name: Ornate Chorus Frog
Scientific Name:
Pseudacris ornata
Location: 
Southern half
Breeding Season:
November to March

The Ornate Chorus Frog and the Little Grass Frog can appear similar in pictures but the Little Grass Frog is really tiny. Its usually about a half an inch big. Also the dark band that runs down the side of the Little Grass Frog is uninterrupted while the Ornate Chorus Frog has breaks.

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Brimley’s Chorus Frog (Pseudacris brimleyi)

Common Name: Brimley’s Chorus Frog
Scientific Name:
Pseudacris brimleyi
Location: 
North coastal region
Breeding Season:

Brimley’s Chorus Frog has a black line thru its eye and down its side.

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Toads

True Toad Family – Bufonidae

The True Toads are your typical toad. They usually have a parotid gland behind their eyes that contain a poison called  It is not advised to let your dog eat these guys.

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Oak Toad (Anaxyrus quercicus)

Common Name: Oak Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus quercicus
Location:
 Southern part of the state
Breeding Season:
April to October

The Oak Toad is the most easily identifiable toad out of the group of four. It is the smallest of the true toads and has a light line down its back. The Oak Toad also has orange on the bottom of its feet.

American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

Common Name: American Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus americanus
Location: 
Northern half
Breeding Season:
January to July

Common Name: Fowler’s Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus fowleri
Location: 
Everywhere besides the far southern part
Breeding Season:
Spring to early summer

Common Name: Southern Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus terrestris
Location: 
Southern part of the state
Breeding Season:
February to October

To identify the differences, you have to look at the top of the head. The Southern Toad has knobs on the back of its head. The Fowler’s Toad’s parotid gland touches its postorbital ridge around its eye while the American Toads’s parotid gland does not touch or connected to it by a spur. Here’s an easy figure I found to help.

bufo-cranial

American Spadefoot Toad Family – Scaphiopodidae

Common Name: Eastern Spadefoot Toad
Scientific Name: Scaphiopus holbrookii
Location: Throughout the state
Breeding Season: All year after heavy rains

The Eastern Spadefoot Toad is the only spadefoot toad in the state. They have a spade on their foot that they use for digging which is the identifiable characteristic.

Narrowed Mouth Toads – Microhylidae

Common Name: Eastern Narrow Mouthed Toad
Scientific Name: Gastrophryne carolinensis
Location: Throughout the state
Breeding Season: February to April

The Eastern Narrow Mouth Toad is the only narrowed mouth toad in the state. The narrow head is the key characteristic to identify them. They spend most of their time underground in burrows so they are hardly seen.

Here is a video of their call.

Invasive Species

Common Name: Greenhouse Frog
Scientific Name:
Eleutherodactylus planirostris
Location: 
Southeastern coast
Breeding Season:
Spring through summer

The Green House Frog was accidentally introduced by shipments of plants, hence the name Green House Frog. They compete with native animals for resources.

7 thoughts on “Frogs and Toads of Georgia”

  1. Thanks for the info! I found a toad in the road. We waited for him to cross, but he stayed put. Since we were only a half mile from home, we took him home, and I took lots of pix of him. He’s a Fowler’s Toad. Thanks for helping me identify the fella! We found him in Tunnel Hill, GA.

    1. PS We released him into our yard after I took pix and measured him. I think he’ll love the bugs, there are lots around the house. I was afraid that a car would hit him on Tunnel Hill Road!

  2. I have Upland and Brimley frogs on my property that are twice the length that seemingly every source I’ve found online says they should top out at -most sources say 1 1/14″ or 1 1 3/8″ long. I have several everyday in the creek that are 2.5 to 3″ long -and maybe larger.

    Is this something someone should know? Should I be sending documentation to an organization so that info can be modernized? or at least confirm my reports? I have videos that suggest this size now, but not one with a definitive scale adjacent. I could capture one or take a pic next to an object of known scale though if there was any important value in this data being recorded and given to those who keep Frog info.

    Thanks

  3. I recently photographed an apparent tree frog. May I send you the photo for your comments on ID?

    Thank you for your consideration.

    Ted Meredith
    Clermont, GA

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