Category Archives: New Species

New Species of Mountain Toad discovered

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A new species of Elf frog has been discovered in Southern Vietnam. Researchers named the new frog Elfish Mountain Toad (Ophryophryne elfina). The genus Ophryophyrne (Asian Mountain Toads) is in the family Megophryidae – the Asian Leaf Litter Frogs. It’s named an Elf toad because of its appearance and small size.

Read more in the journal article – http://zookeys.pensoft.net/article/10624/list/1/

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New Species of Toad from Peru

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A new species of toad was discovered in the Cordillera Azul National Park in Northern Peru. Reseachers named the species Rhinella lilyrodriguezae or Lily Rodriguez’s Beaked Toad. The new species is nocturnal and is semi arboreal meaning they live on trees and the ground.  This toad was put in the family Bufonidae – the true toad family surprisingly!

 

Read the journal article here – http://zookeys.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=13050

New Glass Frog Species Discovered

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A new species of Glass Frogs have been discovered. The frog was named Hyalinobatrachium yaku or Yaku Glass frog. Yaku means water in Kichwa as water is important to glass frogs and all frogs. It was placed in the genus Hyalinobatrachoium because it shares the traits of other frogs in the genus and because of genetic data. They were found in Ecuador in the Amazon lowlands.

Read the paper here. http://zookeys.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=12108

3 New Microhylid Frog Species Discovered

Three new species of Microhylid (meaning from the family Microhylidae) frogs have been discovered in Papua New Guinea. They have all been placed in the genus  Choerophryne which is only found in Papua New Guinea.

The species:

Choerophryne crucifer

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Choerophryne multisyllaba

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Choerophryne bisyllaba

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Read the paper here – http://zse.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=11576

 

2 New Clown Frogs Described

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Researchers have described two new species of clown frogs from the Amazon. Clown frogs, named after their bright colors, are from the genus Dendropsophus in the family Hylidae or the tree frog family. The new species were considered to belong to other species but because of their DNA and unique calls, they were moved to their own species. The frogs were considered part of the species Dendropsophus leucophyllatus and Dendropsophus triangulum. Researchers believe there could be 3 or 5 more different species that are considered those two species.

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Caminer, M. A., Milá, B., Jansen, M., Fouquet, A., Venegas, P. J., Chávez, G., … & Ron, S. R. (2017). Systematics of the Dendropsophus leucophyllatus species complex (Anura: Hylidae): Cryptic diversity and the description of two new species. PloS one, 12(3), e0171785. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0171785

New Species of Frogs found in Vietnam

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A new species of frog was discovered in Vietnam by the wonderful Jodi Rowley (@jodirowley on twitter, give her a follow), Curator of Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Biology at the Australian Museum Research Institute, and colleagues.

They named the species the Stone Leaf-Litter Frog (Leptolalax petrops) because of its stone like appearance. It was placed in the family Megophryidae – the Leaf Litter Frogs.

Researchers first thought the frog was a new species because of its appearance and its fast paced call. Sadly, the researchers suggested the frog to be listed as Vulnerable because it was found in only two locations where deforestation is occurring.

Rowley JJL, et al (2017) A new species of Leptolalax (Anura: Megophryidae) from northern Vietnam. Zootaxa 4243 (3): 544–564. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4243.3.7

3 New Cryptic Frog Species Discovered in Brazil

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Researchers discovered three new species of cryptic frogs in Brazil’s Atlantic Forest. The new species are Chiasmocleis altomontana, C. veracruz, and C. migueli. They are part of the genus Chiasmocleis which are the humming frogs. Cryptic species are species that look identical to each other on the outside but are genetically different.

To tell these three species apart from other members of their genus, scientists looked at the skeletons. They noticed significant differences. After they found differences in the bones, the researchers looked more carefully at the outer appearance of the frogs and noticed small differences.

The new frogs can’t even be listed with the IUCN Red List because there isn’t enough data. Almost a third of of the humming frogs are listed as data deficient.

 

Source:

Forlani, M. C., Tonini, J. F., Cruz, C. A., Zaher, H., & de Sá, R. O. (2017). Molecular and Forlani MC, Tonini JFR, Cruz CAG, Zaher H, de Sá RO. (2017) Molecular and morphological data reveal three new cryptic species of Chiasmocleis (Mehely 1904) (Anura, Microhylidae) endemic to the Atlantic Forest, Brazil. PeerJ 5:e3005https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.3005