New Species

New Species of Salamander from North Carolina – Carolina Sandhills Salamander

Carolina Sandhills Salamander
Carolina Sandhills Salamander (Eurycea arenicola) – photo by L Todd Pusser

North Carolina is home to the most salamander species in the United States, a whopping 63 species! Now, thanks to researchers, the number moves up to 64! The southeastern United States, especially the Appalachian Mountain, is the salamander capitol of the world.

This discovery was 50 years in the making. An unusual salamander species was brought to the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences. Originally, it was thought to be a weird Southern Two-lined Salamander (Eurycea cirrigera). More specimens were collected and curator Alvin Braswell thought it could be a new species. Sadly, he was too busy to pursue the research.

Southern Two-lined Salamander – photo by wikiuser Hargle

In comes Bryan Stuart, research curator of herpetology, who join the museum in 2008. Braswell told him of the salamander and wanted him to research it. Stuart was able to use next generation sequencer to determine that the species was new. He formally described the species as the Carolina Sandhills Salamander (Eurycea arenicola). The salamander is found near the seepages, springs and streams of the Sandhills of North Carolina. The Carolina Sandhills Salamander is red to orange in color. They don’t have a the dark band on its side like the Southern Two-lined Salamander do. These salamanders are pretty small ranging from 2.2 – 3.5 inches (56. -89.1 mm) from snout to tail.

You can read the full paper at

New Species

2 New Species of Waterdogs

The Waterdogs are fully aquatic species of salamanders that are paedomorphic. This means that they retain their larval characteristics (gills, etc) throughout their life. They are often mysterious, often living at the bottom of drainages, ponds, and lakes.

Researchers, Craig Guyer, Christopher M. Murray, Henry Bart, Brian I. Crother, Ryan E. Chabarria, Mark A. Bailey, and Khorizon Dunn, have described two new Waterdog species from the southeastern United States. You can read the article here. The two waterdogs were considered to be Gulf Coast Waterdog (Necturus beyeri) but they are physically different than it. Also the researchers suggest changing the name of the Gulf Coast Waterdog to the Western Waterdog.

Escambia Waterdog – photo by Craig Guyer

The first of the new species is the Escambia Waterdog (Necturus mounti). The larvae lacks white spots which differs from the Gulf Coast Waterdog. The adults lack spots on their mandible chin and on the sides of their belly. Their belly is a bright white color as well.

Apalachicola Waterdog – photo by Craig Guyer

The second of the species is the Apalachicola Waterdog (Necturus moleri). They as well lack white spots on their larvae that differs it from the Gulf Coast Waterdog. The adults have spots on their mandible chin and on the sides of their belly. Their belly is dull white in color. Both of the new species can be found around the Florida – Alabama border.

New Species

New Species and Genus from the Western Ghats of India


A new species of frog was discovered in the Western Ghats of India. The Western Ghats is an incredible place to go frogging. There are three known families of frogs that are only found there and hundreds of different species of frogs. Not only was this new species discovered, it has been put into a new genus by itself and its own new subfamily.

Researchers decided on the common name  of the new frog as the Starry Dwarf Frog (Astrobatrachus kurichiyana) after the light spots on their body that resemble stars. The genus name also reflects that stars,  astro meaning star in Greek and batrachus meaning frog. The species epithet, Kurichiyana, is the name of the local tribal community living near the frogs. The Starry Dwarf Frog is a member of the family Nyctibatrachidae, a fairly new family. The family is only found in India and Sri Lanka. The new subfamily is named Astrobatrachinae.

The conservation status of the frog is currently unknown. Not much really is known about the Starry Dwarf Frog. What is known is that it is mainly terrestrial and nocturnal.  They are a small species of frogs, only growing to an inch long.

Read the full scientific article at



New Species, Uncategorized

New Siren Species: the Reticulated Siren

photo by Pierson Hill

A new species of siren was discovered in southern Alabama and the Florida panhandle. There were rumors about an undiscovered large, spotted salamander that lived in the area. A few samples of the species was recovered back in the 1970s but people thought they were just bizarre Greater Sirens (Siren lacertina). The species was re-discovered by former Herper of the Week, David Steen Ph.D., when he was trapping turtles on a military base in Florida. He noticed that it was different from other sirens he has seen. Steen and other researchers (Sean P Graham, Richard Kline, Crystal Kelehear) performed genetic tests and found it to be its own species. They named it the Reticulated Siren because of its color pattern.

One of the interesting facts about the new Siren is its size. Its a large salamander, with average size of the specimens collected being around a foot long but some were two feet long. It is one of the largest animals discovered in North America in over a hundred years. You are probably wondering how a two foot long salamander hasn’t been discovered until now. Sirens are a fully aquatic species and live in murky waters, making them hard to see. With the discovery of the Reticulated Siren, the Siren Family, Sirenidae, there are now 5 different species but who knows? There could be even more hiding.

You can read the full article here –

New Species

New Amphibians of March 2018

13 new species of amphibians described formally in March with 12 species being frogs and 1 species being a salamander. 1 new genus was also made.


A new Stout Salamander, Pachytriton airobranchiatus, described from the Lotus Mountain in China.  Read full article here


Researchers (Jennifer A. Sheridan and Bryan L. Stuart) investigated the genetics of the Black Spotted Frog (Sylvirana nigrovittata) and discovered that its at least 8 different species of frogs and they described 5 of them. You can read the full article.


Completely new species of frog found from Madagascar, Gephyromantis lomorina. You can read the full article.

Two new species of frogs (Pristimantis erythroinguinis, Pristimantis antisuyu) from Peru. Full article here

Researchers have described a new genus of frogs with two new species (Sumaterana montana, Sumaterana dabulescens).  Read the journal article here


A new tree frog species, Yingjiang Tree-hole Frog Nasutixalus yingjiangensis, from China was described last month. Read the journal article here


A new species of Puddle Frog, Tanoé Puddle Frog (Phrynobatrachus tanoeensis),  described from the Tanoé-Ehy Swamp Forest in Ghana and the Ivory Coast.

New Species

New Frogs Species of February 2018


New Marsupial Frog species Fritziana izecksohni from Brazil. Journal Article


Two new species of frogs (Anomaloglossus blanci and Anomaloglossus dewynteri) found in French Guiana.  Journal Article

Red-eyed Snouted Treefrog (Scinax ruberoculatus) is found in Brazil. Article –


New Microhylid species (Uperodon rohani) from Sri Lanka. Journal Article

Four new species of Mongrel Frogs (Nothophryne baylissi, Nothophryne inagoensis, Nothophryne ribauensis, Nothophryne unilurio) found in Mozambique. Journal Article

New species of Nurse Frog (Allobates juami) from the Amazon. Journal Article

Tenasserim Cave Frog (Siamophryne troglodytes) is a new Microhylid frog from Thailand. The researchers who discovered the species suggest it to be listed as endangered already. Journal Article


New frog species (Physalaemus carrizorum) from Argentina. Journal Article

New frog species (Psychrophrynella glauca) from the Andes in Peru. Journal Article

New species of frog, named after Jodi Rowley, Rowley’s Litter Frog (Leptolalax rowleyae) found in Vietnam. Journal Article
New Tree Frog species (Hyperolius stictus) from Colombia and Venezuela. Journal Article


New Reed Frog (Hyloscirtus japreria) from Mozambique. Journal Article 


Two new species of stream toads (Ansonia phuketensis and Ansonia pilokensis) from Thailand Journal Article

New Species

New Frog Species named after Stanley Kubrick

Two new frog species were discovered by C. Daniel Rivadeneira, Dr. Pablo J. Venegas, and Dr. Santiago R. Ron in the Amazon Basin. Both of the species were originally misidentified as a different species before researchers figured out that they were two new species. Both species conservation status are suggested to be listed as least concern which is great.


One of the species described is Dendropsophus kamagarini. Kamagarini comes from a word  in the Matsigenka language that which means devil or demon. The researchers thought the frog looked like a demon or devil because of the horns on it’s head. Matsigenka is the language spoken by the Matsigenka people who live near where they found the frog.


The other species, Dendropsophus kubricki,  is named after the filmmaker Stanley Kubrick, who made films such as 2001: A Space Odyssey and A Clockwork Orange. The frog also has orange markings on it’s leg, 



Journal Article –

New Species

A New Species of Microhylid Frog from Brazil


A new species of  frog has been discoverd in the Brazilian Pantanal in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá. This inch and a half long frog was found by researchers Alessandher Piva, Ulisses Caramaschi, and Nelson Rufino de Albuquerque. They didn’t know what species of frog it was but it appeared to be from the genus Elachistocleis so they  looked through collections of the genus to try to figure out what it was. They looked at over 250 specimens before they figured out it was a new species.  It was named the Elachistocleis corumbaensis, after Corumbá where they found it.



New Species

Some of the new species of 2017

While many frogs are facing extinction, scientists are still discovering new species. Here are some of the species they discovered last year.

The Amarakaeri Poison Dart Frog (Ameerega shihuemoy) was found in the Andes Mountains of Peru. Full article here 

Karaavali skittering frog (Euphlyctis karaavali) after Karaavali, the region in India where it was found. Full Article Here

A new genus of toad named the Puppet Toads and two new toad species. Full Article Here

The Ecuadorian Rain Frog (Pristimantis ecuadorensis) was found in the Ecuador’s cloud forests. Full Article Here

Two new Clown Frogs from the Amazon. Full Article Here

Yaku Glass Frog (Hyalinobatrachium yaku) was discovered in Ecucador. Full article here

New species of Monkey Frog (Phyllomedusa chaparroi). Read full article here. 

A new species of toad found in the United States – Dixie Valley Toad. Read full article here.

A new Poison Dart Frog from Colombia. Read full article here

A new species of Purple Frog. Read full article here.

New Species

New Species of Frog: Dabie Mountain Brown Frog


Researchers, Chencheng WangLifu QianChenling ZhangWeibo GuoTao PanJun WuHui Wang, and Baowei Zhang, have discovered a new species of frog from the Dabie Mountains in China. They named the frog the Dabie Mountain Brown Frog (Rana dabieshanensis) because that’s the only area that the frog  have been found it.  The Dabie Mountain Brown Frog was placed in the genus Rana because of it’s similar features to others in the genus. Rana is a genus in the family Ranidae – the True Frog family.