New Species

26 New Species of Frogs!

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26 new species of narrowed mouth frogs from Madagascar described by former Herper of the Week Mark Scherz and colleagues. Read a short intro at Mark’s website below and the paper is linked there! http://www.markscherz.com/archives/3441

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New Species

New Horned Frog Species Discovered

Herpetology
Photo by Jodi Rowley

A new species of frog was found in the Hoang Lien Mountains in northern Vietnam and South China by the research team of Benjamin Tapley, Timothy Cutajar, Stephen Mahony, Chung Thanh Nguyen, Vinh Quang Dau, Tao Thien Nguyen, Hao Van Luong, Jodi Rowley. Many new species of frogs have recently been discovered in Vietnam. The species was named the Red-thighed Horned Frog (Megophrys rubrimera) after it’s bright red thighs. It’s a member of the family Megophryidae – the leaf liter frogs.

The species is already in danger of extinction like so many other amphibian species. The forests were the Red-thighed Horned Frog lives are being destroyed to make room for more farms.

Source: http://mapress.com/j/zt/article/view/zootaxa.4344.3.3

New Species

New Species of Frog from Peru

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Researchers have described a new species of frog from a recent field work trip to the Pui Pui Protected Forest of Peru. The researchers (Edgar Lehr, Rudolf von May, Jiri Moravec, and Juan Carlos Cusi) who described the species named it the Inti Andes Frog (Phrynopus inti) after the Incan Sun God Inti because of the orange coloration.  It was placed in the genus Phrynopus – the Andes Frog because of molecular evidence. Phrynopus is a genus in the family Craugastoridae, which has only direct developing frogs so there is no tadpole stage in the new species probably.

The researchers decided that the frog should be listed as Near Threatened because of threats from fungus infections such as Chytrid Fungus, climate change, pollution, and habitat destruction for agriculture.

Source: https://zookeys.pensoft.net/article/20776/list/8/

New Species

New Species of Scinax Tree Frog from Brazil

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A new species of tree frog was discovered in the Amazon Rain forest of Brazil. The researchers, Miquéias Ferrão, Jiří Moravec, Rafael de Fraga, Alexandre Pinheiro de Almeida, Igor Luis Kaefer, and Albertina Pimentel Lima, who helped describe the species named it the Jaguar Snouted Treefrog (Scinax oncabecause of it’s similar coloration to jaguars and that the researchers encountered many jaguars during the field work.

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The frog was placed in the genus Scinax – the Snouted Tree frogs from the family Hylidae because of similar morphology as other members. The genus Scinax is found from Mexico all the way down to Argentina and has over 100 species in it. 

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There’s not enough information to determine the frog’s population levels so it can’t be classified. The construction of the Trans-Amazonian highway BR-319 threatens the frogs though.

Paper can be found here – https://zookeys.pensoft.net/article/14691/list/1/

New Species

New Species of Purple Frog

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A new species of Purple Frog has been discovered from the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats. What makes this exciting to me is the fact that the Purple Frog (Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis) was the only member of the family Nasikabatrachidae and now there’s two members of the family.

There are some minor differences between the two Purple Frogs. The new Purple Frog species (Nasikabatrachus bhupathi) breeds during the northeast monsoon season while the old Purple Frog (Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis) breeds during the southwest monsoon season. The calls of the male frogs are different between the species.

The new Purple frog’s scientific name is in memorial of s Dr. S. Bhupathy who passed away on a herp survey in 2014 in the Western Ghats.

You can read more from the journal article located here

New Species

New Poison Dart Frog Species

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A new species of Poison Dart Frog was found in the Urabá region of Northwestern Colombia by Roberto Márquez , Pablo PalaciosRodríguez, Daniel Mejía-Vargas, Valeria Ramírez-Castañeda, and Adolfo Amézquita. Six specimens were collected and genetic tests were run on them. They tests showed that this was a new frog species! The researchers determined it belonged to the genus Andinobates in the family Dendrobatidae – the Poison Dart Frog family. The red color of the frog also helps distinguish it from other members of the genus which are green or yellow in color. It’s fully scientific name is Andinobates victimatus which means the victimized in Latin. It is a tribute to all the victims of the fighting in Colombia. Sadly, the new frog has been suggested to be endangered. 

Paper found here https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318323147_A_new_species_of_Andinobates_Anura_Dendrobatidae_from_the_Uraba_region_of_Colombia

New Species

New Toad in the USA – Dixie Valley Toad

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A new toad has been described from the Great Basin region of Northern Nevada in the United States by Michelle R. Gordon, Eric T. Simandle, and C. Richard Tracy.  It differs from other toads in the region due to its coloration and bigger tibial glands. The scientists named the toad the Dixie Valley Toad (Bufo / Anaxyrus williamsi). It’s named after the region they are found – the Dixie Valley in Nevada. The scientific name is in tribute to Robert Williams, former Field Supervisor of the U.S. Fish and
Wildlife.

There are many threads already to the toad. Invasive American Bullfrogs can eat them and spread diseases like chytrid fungus. A new geothermal power plant proposal threatens the small piece of habitat that they live in.

Photo by  Patrick Donnelly/Center for Biological Diversity

Journal article found here – https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4290.1.7/28271

New Species

Four New Burrowing Frogs Discovered in the Western Ghats

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Kadar Burrowing Frog

Sonali Garg, a PhD student in Delhi University, and her supervisor Professor SD Biju discovered four new species of burrowing frogs. The species were found to be part of the genus Fejervarya in the family Dicroglossidae. There was only one known species of frog in the genus that could burrow – Rufescent Burrowing Frog Fejervarya rufescens that lived all over the Western Ghats. A study from the researchers above showed that the Rufescent Burrowing Frog only lives in a small area of the Western Ghat while other different species of burrowing frogs live in other areas. This was discovered through DNA tests and other lab work.

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Neil Coxi’s Burrowing Frog

The frogs are CEPF Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya cepfi), Kadar Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya kadar), Manoharan’s Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya manoharani), and Neil Cox’s Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya neilcoxi)

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CEPF Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya cepfi)

Numerous other new species of frogs have been found in the Western Ghats recently which makes it a biodiversity hot spot but sadly, many of the frogs are facing threats of extinction there.

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Manoharan’s Burrowing Frog

Pics from SD Biju

Paper published in Zootaxa – http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/article/view/zootaxa.4277.4.1

New Species

New Species of Leaf Frog Discovered from Vietnam

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Photo by Jodi Rowley

A new species of Leaf Frog was discovered in Vietnam by Dr. Jodi Rowley and her team.  It was named  Pu Hoat Leaf-litter Frog (Leptolalax puhoatensis) after the area it was discovered in the Pu Hoat Nature Reserve in Central Vietnam. The frog is a Leaf Liter frog so it is in the family Megophryidae  – the leaf litter frog family. The frogs are already under threat from deforestation so its suggested they be listed as Endangered.

Learn more in the journal article here