New Species

New Poison Dart Frog Species

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A new species of Poison Dart Frog was found in the Urabá region of Northwestern Colombia by Roberto Márquez , Pablo PalaciosRodríguez, Daniel Mejía-Vargas, and Adolfo Amézquita. Six specimens were collected and genetic tests were run on them. They tests showed that this was a new frog species! The researchers determined it belonged to the genus Andinobates in the family Dendrobatidae – the Poison Dart Frog family. The red color of the frog also helps distinguish it from other members of the genus which are green or yellow in color. It’s fully scientific name is Andinobates victimatus which means the victimized in Latin. It is a tribute to all the victims of the fighting in Colombia. Sadly, the new frog has been suggested to be endangered. 

Paper found here https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318323147_A_new_species_of_Andinobates_Anura_Dendrobatidae_from_the_Uraba_region_of_Colombia

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New Species

New Toad in the USA – Dixie Valley Toad

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A new toad has been described from the Great Basin region of Northern Nevada in the United States by Michelle R. Gordon, Eric T. Simandle, and C. Richard Tracy.  It differs from other toads in the region due to its coloration and bigger tibial glands. The scientists named the toad the Dixie Valley Toad (Bufo / Anaxyrus williamsi). It’s named after the region they are found – the Dixie Valley in Nevada. The scientific name is in tribute to Robert Williams, former Field Supervisor of the U.S. Fish and
Wildlife.

There are many threads already to the toad. Invasive American Bullfrogs can eat them and spread diseases like chytrid fungus. A new geothermal power plant proposal threatens the small piece of habitat that they live in.

Photo by  Patrick Donnelly/Center for Biological Diversity

Journal article found here – https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4290.1.7/28271

New Species

Four New Burrowing Frogs Discovered in the Western Ghats

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Kadar Burrowing Frog

Sonali Garg, a PhD student in Delhi University, and her supervisor Professor SD Biju discovered four new species of burrowing frogs. The species were found to be part of the genus Fejervarya in the family Dicroglossidae. There was only one known species of frog in the genus that could burrow – Rufescent Burrowing Frog Fejervarya rufescens that lived all over the Western Ghats. A study from the researchers above showed that the Rufescent Burrowing Frog only lives in a small area of the Western Ghat while other different species of burrowing frogs live in other areas. This was discovered through DNA tests and other lab work.

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Neil Coxi’s Burrowing Frog

The frogs are CEPF Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya cepfi), Kadar Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya kadar), Manoharan’s Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya manoharani), and Neil Cox’s Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya neilcoxi)

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CEPF Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya cepfi)

Numerous other new species of frogs have been found in the Western Ghats recently which makes it a biodiversity hot spot but sadly, many of the frogs are facing threats of extinction there.

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Manoharan’s Burrowing Frog

Pics from SD Biju

Paper published in Zootaxa – http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/article/view/zootaxa.4277.4.1

New Species

New Species of Leaf Frog Discovered from Vietnam

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Photo by Jodi Rowley

A new species of Leaf Frog was discovered in Vietnam by Dr. Jodi Rowley and her team.  It was named  Pu Hoat Leaf-litter Frog (Leptolalax puhoatensis) after the area it was discovered in the Pu Hoat Nature Reserve in Central Vietnam. The frog is a Leaf Liter frog so it is in the family Megophryidae  – the leaf litter frog family. The frogs are already under threat from deforestation so its suggested they be listed as Endangered.

Learn more in the journal article here

New Species

New Species of Monkey Frog

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A new species of Monkey Frogs were discovered by researchers. During a survey of the Andes of San Martin in Northern Peru, they observed a frog that looked like Phyllomedusa camba but that species’ range didn’t reach this far north. Researchers took samples of the frogs back to the test and ran some genetic tests on them. They discovered that it was not Phyllomedusa camba but a new species! They named it Phyllomedusa chaparroi after their friend, Juan Carlos Chaparro Auza, a herpetologist and friend.

Read the full article here – https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4269.2.4

New Species

New Species of Toad from Peru

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A new species of toad was discovered in the Cordillera Azul National Park in Northern Peru. Reseachers named the species Rhinella lilyrodriguezae or Lily Rodriguez’s Beaked Toad. The new species is nocturnal and is semi arboreal meaning they live on trees and the ground.  This toad was put in the family Bufonidae – the true toad family surprisingly!

 

Read the journal article here – http://zookeys.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=13050

New Species

New Glass Frog Species Discovered

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A new species of Glass Frogs have been discovered. The frog was named Hyalinobatrachium yaku or Yaku Glass frog. Yaku means water in Kichwa as water is important to glass frogs and all frogs. It was placed in the genus Hyalinobatrachoium because it shares the traits of other frogs in the genus and because of genetic data. They were found in Ecuador in the Amazon lowlands.

Read the paper here. http://zookeys.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=12108

New Species

3 New Microhylid Frog Species Discovered

Three new species of Microhylid (meaning from the family Microhylidae) frogs have been discovered in Papua New Guinea. They have all been placed in the genus  Choerophryne which is only found in Papua New Guinea.

The species:

Choerophryne crucifer

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Choerophryne multisyllaba

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Choerophryne bisyllaba

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Read the paper here – http://zse.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=11576

 

New Species

2 New Clown Frogs Described

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Researchers have described two new species of clown frogs from the Amazon. Clown frogs, named after their bright colors, are from the genus Dendropsophus in the family Hylidae or the tree frog family. The new species were considered to belong to other species but because of their DNA and unique calls, they were moved to their own species. The frogs were considered part of the species Dendropsophus leucophyllatus and Dendropsophus triangulum. Researchers believe there could be 3 or 5 more different species that are considered those two species.

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Caminer, M. A., Milá, B., Jansen, M., Fouquet, A., Venegas, P. J., Chávez, G., … & Ron, S. R. (2017). Systematics of the Dendropsophus leucophyllatus species complex (Anura: Hylidae): Cryptic diversity and the description of two new species. PloS one, 12(3), e0171785. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0171785