Frog or Toad

Answer to Frog or Toad 2/20/17

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The answer is frog! Its a Rio Grande Chirping Frog, Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides.

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Articles

7 New Night Frogs Discovered in India

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Seven new Night Frogs were discovered in the Western Ghats of India. The frogs belong to the genus Nyctibatrachus, which is referred to as the Night Frog genus because they are mostly nocturnal and their black color. Nyctibatrachus are mainly stream dwelling frogs but some of these species were found under leaf litter. Four of the frogs discovered are some of the smallest frogs in the world and can sit on a coin or thumbnail. They are between half an inch to .6 inch long. These mini frogs also have insect like calls which made them harder to find.

The newly discovered species are the the Athirappilly night frog (Nyctibatrachus athirappillyensis), the Kadalar night frog (Nyctibatrachus webilla), the Manalar night frog (Nyctibatrachus manalari), Robin Moore’s night frog (Nyctibatrachus robinmoorei),  the Sabarimala night frog (Nyctibatrachus sabarimalai), the Vijayan’s night frog (Nyctibatrachus pulivijayani),  and the Radcliffe’s night frog (Nyctibatrachus radcliffei).

Sadly, the newly discovered frogs are all endangered of becoming extinct. The frogs have only been found in single locations. With the destruction of habitat in the area to make room for people, these frogs might soon be gone.

Frog of the Week

Cane Toad (Rhinella marina)

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Cane Toad – photo by Bill Waller
leastconcern


Common Name: Cane Toad, Marine Toad, or Giant Toad
Scientific Name: Rhinella marina
Family: Bufonidae – True Toad family
Native Locations: Anguilla, Bolivia, Brazil, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, and Venezuela.
Introduced Locations: Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Australia, Barbados, Dominican Republic, Fiji, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guam, Haiti, Jamaica, Japan, Martinique, Mauritius, Montserrat, Northern Mariana Islands, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Taiwan, Virgin Islands, and United States
US States Locations: Texas (native), Florida (invasive), Hawaii (invasive)
Size: 3.3 inches to 5.9 inches (83.82 – 149.86) is the average range but females have been reported at over 9 inches (228.6 mm) long

The Cane Toad is the most hated amphibian in the world. The Cane Toad was introduced in a variety of countries to help control pests on sugar cane. With the Cane Toad’s size and appetite, they started to take over these countries and eat anything in their way. To make matters worse, the Cane Toad is highly toxic, causing harm to anything that tries to eat it that has not evolved to withstand the toxins. Countries have tried to remove them but have generally failed, but they haven’t seriously put effort into it. In their native environment, they are perfectly fine and should be left to be.

Breeding season varies depending on location. In Australia, they breed during the summer from September–March, with peaks during January. In Florida and in their native habitat, they can breed all year long. Cane Toads can breed in a variety of habitats, both temporary or permanent bodies of water,  brackish or fresh water, and slow moving or static waterways. The breeding itself is pretty normal for toads and frogs. Males will call from the shallows of the waters to attract females. The males will grab the females in the amplexus position and the female will then lay her eggs. Females can lay over 36, 000 eggs.

Frog of the Week

Budgett’s Frog (Lepidobatrachus laevis)

Photo by Ltshears

leastconcern
Common Name: Budgett’s Frog
Scientific Name: Lepidobatrachus laevis
Family: Ceratophryidae
Location: Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay
Size: Females reach 3.9 inches (100 mm) while males only reach half of that

The Budgett’s Frog is a very weird looking frog and is found in the pet trade because of it. It is mostly an aquatic frog but during the dry months, the frog makes a cocoon out of un-shed skin to prevent it from drying out.

Once the dry season ends, the Budgett’s Frogs come out and mate. They can lay around 1400 eggs during a single breeding event. The eggs then hatch later into carnivorous tadpoles which is rare for frogs.

It is named after John Samuel Budgett all the way back in 1899. It is found in the Gran Chaco region of South America.