Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Massachusetts

Frogs and Toads of Massachusetts

If you are looking to identify a specific frog and can’t figure it out from the page, you can check my Frog Identification and see how to contact me about helping you out.

Massachusetts is not blessed with a variety of frogs but its quality over quantity right?

Frogs

True Frog Family – Ranidae

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American Bull Frog (Rana catesbiana)

The American Bullfrog has no dorsal ridge on the side of their body and is larger at maturity than the Green Frog.

Common Name: American Bullfrog
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Green Tree Frog (Rana clamitans)

Common Name: Green Tree Frog
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The Green Frog has a dorsal ridge down the side of its body which differs from the American Bullfrog.

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Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens)

Common Name: Northern Leopard Frog
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Common Name: Pickeral Frog
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Northern Leopard Frog and Pickeral Frog look similar to each other but the Northern Leopard Frog has round spots while the Pickeral Frog have more square shaped spots.

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Wood Frog (Rana sylvatica)

Common Name: Wood Frog
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The Wood Frog is easy to tell apart from the other frogs in the state because of its racoon like mask around its eyes.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

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Eastern Gray Tree Frog (Hyla versicolor)

The Eastern Gray Tree Frog is the largest tree frog in the state. The coloration of the frog can be gray or green. A yellow or orange color can be found on the back legs to help identify it.

Common Name: Eastern Gray Tree Frog
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Here is a video of some Eastern Gray Tree Frog males calling that I took

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Spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer)

Common Name: Spring Peeper
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The Spring Peeper is the smallest frog in the state. It has a noticeable X on its back which is a key identifying characteristic.

Toads

True Toad Family – Bufonidae

The True Toads are your typical toad. They usually have a parotid gland behind their eyes that contain a poison called  It is not advised to let your dog eat these guys.

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American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

Common Name: American Toad
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Common Name: Fowler’s Toad
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Massachusetts has two species of true toads – the Fowler’s Toad and the American Toad. They look very much a like but there are some differences in the back of the head.

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The American Toad’s parotid gland is separated from the craniel crest while the Fowler’s Toad’s touches.

Spadefoot Toad Family – Scaphiopodidae

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Eastern Spadefoot Toad (Scaphiopus holbrookii)

Common Name: Eastern Spadefoot Toad
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The Eastern Spadefoot Toad is the only spadefoot toad in the state. They burrow into the ground with a spade on its back legs which gives it the name Spadefoot. It is also a way to identify the toad.

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