Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of North Dakota

Frogs and Toads of North Dakota


True Frog Family – Ranidae

There are only two true frog species in the state, which makes it easy to identify them.

Northern Leopard Frog

The Northern Leopard Frog has spots all over it’s body which is how it gets it’s name. They are often found in or on the shore of bodies of water.

Wood Frog

The Wood Frog is more of a land frog than the Northern Leopard Frog. It has a distinct mask around it’s eyes. They are a variety of different colors, from red, brown, and bronze.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

Gray Tree Frog

There is only one tree frog in the state – the Gray Tree Frog. It has discs on it’s toes that help them with climbing.


True Toad Family – Bufonidae

American Toad
Canadian Toad
Woodhouse’s Toad
Great Plains Toad

Spadefoot Toad Family – Scaphiopodidae

Plains Spadefoot Toad

The Plains Spadefoot toad is the only spadefoot toad in the state. Look at the rear foot of the toad and you will find a keratinized spade on it which no other toad or frog in the state has.


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