Frogs and Toads of North Carolina

Frogs and Toads of North Carolina

Frogs

North Carolina is home to a rich, variety of frogs from the family Ranidae and Hylidae.

True Frog – Ranidae

Carolina Gopher Frog

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American Bullfrog

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Green Frog

River Frog

Southern Leopard Frog

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Wood Frog

Carpenter Frog

Tree Frog – Hylidae

Northern Cricket Frog

Southern Cricket Frog

Pine Baron’s Tree Frog

Cope’s Gray Tree Frog

Gray Tree Frog

Green Tree Frog

Pine Wood’s Tree Frog

Barking Tree Frog

Squirrel Tree Frog

Mountain Chorus Frog

Brimley’s Chorus Frog

Spring Peeper

Upland Chorus Frog

Southern Chorus Frog

Little Grass Frog

Ornate Chorus Frog

Toads

North Carolina has a good amount of different toad species from three different families.

True Toad – Bufonidae

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American Toad

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Fowler’s Toad

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Oak Toad

jasongibson_southerntoad

Southern Toad

The Oak Toad, Anaxyrus quercicus, is the most easily identifiable toad out of the group of four. It is the smallest of the group and has a light line down its back. The Oak Toad also has orange on the bottom of its feet. The remaining three species of toads in Alabama are a lot harder to distinguish between. To identify the differences, you have to look at the top of the head. The Southern Toad, Anaxyrus terrestris, has knobs on the back of its head. The Fowler’s Toad’s, Anaxyrus fowleri,  parotid gland touches its postorbital ridge around its eye while the American Toads’s, Anaxyrus americanus, parotid gland does not touch or connected to it by a spur. Here’s an easy map I found that helps me.

bufo-cranial

Spadefoot Toad

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The Easten Spadefoot ToadScaphiopus holbrookii, is the only species of Spadefoot toad in North Carolina so if the toad has a spade on its foot, its the Eastern Spadefoot toad.

Narrowed Mouth Toads

gastrophryne_carolinensis

The Eastern Narrow Mouth ToadGastrophryne carolinensis, is the only Narrowed Mouth toad in the state. Their narrow head makes them easy to identify.

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