Frogs and Toads of New York

Frogs and Toads of New York


True Frogs – Ranidae


American Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus)

Green Frog (Lithobates clamitans)

The Green Frog and American Bullfrog looks the same but the Bullfrog can grow larger and they lack a dorsal ridge down their back.

Mink Frog (Lithobates septrentionalis) looks kinda like the Green and Bullfrog but it has a more black marbled back.

Wood Frog (Lithobates sylvaticus) has a raccoon like mask on its face that makes it easy to identify.

Northern Leopard Frog (Lithobates pipiens)

Southern Leopard Frog (Lithobates sphenocephalus)

Pickerel Frog (Lithobates palustris)

Pickeral Frog (Lithobates palustris) and Northern Leopard Frog (Lithobates pipiens) and Southern Leopard Frog (Lithobates sphenocephalus) look very similar to each other because of the spots but the Pickeral frog’s spots are more rectangular than the Leopard Frogs. The Southern Leopard Frog has less spots on the side of its side compared to the Northern Leopard Frog.

Tree Frogs – Hylidae


Northern Cricket Frog (Acris crepitans)  is the only cricket frog in New York. They have a distinct green line down its back and 2 white spots on the back of its inside legs.


Gray Tree Frog (Hyla veriscolor) and Copes Gray Tree Frog (Hyla chrysoscelis)

These two frogs are identical besides their calls and chromosome numbers. These tree frogs are also larger than the ones below. Also note that Gray Tree Frogs are not always gray and can be green.


Spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer) can be identified by the X marking on its back.

Upland Chorus Frog (Pseudacris feriarum)
Western Chorus Frog (Pseudacris triseriata)


True Toads – Bufonidae


American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

Fowler’s Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri)



Spadefoot Toads –   Scaphiopodidae


Eastern Spadefoot Toad (Scaphiopus holbrookii) is the only spadefoot toad in New York. Its the only toad with a spade on its back feet.


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