Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Nevada

Frogs and Toads of Nevada


True Frog Family – Ranidae

Northern Leopard Frog

The Northern Leopard Frog has fairly large spots all over their body. The dorsal ridge is nearly complete.

Lowland Leopard Frog (Rana yavapaiensis) by Brian Gratwicke

The Lowland Leopard Frog is stockier and paler than the Northern Leopard Frog.

Relict Leopard Frog

The Relict Leopard Frog is a candidate for endangered species protection. The dorsal folds on the frog end well before the groin. It also has shorter legs than the Northern Leopard Frog.

Sierra Nevada Yellow-legged Frog

The Sierra Nevada Yellow-legged Frog is found along the border with California but is probably extinct in Nevada.

Columbia Spotted Frog

The Columbia Spotted Frog has small spots all over their body that are often lighter on the inside.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

Pacific Chorus Frog

Pacific Tree Frog has the stripe through its eye but no stripes down its back.

Canyon Tree Frog

The Canyon Tree Frog lacks a stripe that runs through its eye.


True Toad Family – Bufonidae

Arizona Toad

The Arizona Toad is found in the southeast corner of the state. The toad has weak or no cranial crests.

Red Spotted Toad

The Red Spotted Toad has a small flattened head and body with weak or no cranial crest. It is found in the southern part of the state.

Great Plains Toad

The Great Plains Toad has a well defined cranial crest that forms a V shape.

Western Toad

The Western Toad has no cranial crests and has a white line down its back.

Woodhouse’s Toad

The Woodhouse’s Toad has well defined cranial crest that form opposing L shapes.

Amargosa Toad

The Amargosa Toad is found in the Oasis Valley.  It has no cranial crest and has a stripe down its back like the Western Toad. The difference between the two is that the Amargosa Toad has a more slender head, less blunt snout, and shorter limbs.

Spadefoot Toad – Scaphiopodidae

Great Plains Spadefoot Toad

Great Basin Spadefoot Toad is the only spadefoot toad in the state of Washington. It has a spade on each of its rear feet which make it easy to distinguish.


American Bullfrog

The American Bullfrog is the largest native frog in the United States. There is no dorsal ridge that runs down its back on the American Bullfrog. This is the distinguishable characteristics of the frog. It has a negative effect on native animals including other frogs.


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