Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Michigan

Frogs and Toads of Michigan

To see the frogs and toads located in just the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, click the link.


True Frog Family – Ranidae

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American Bull Frog (Rana catesbiana)

The American Bull Frog has no dorsal ridge on the side of their body and is larger at maturity than the Green Frog.

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Green Tree Frog (Rana clamitans)

The Green Frog has a dorsal ridge down the side of its body which differs from the American Bullfrog.


Mink Frog (Rana septrentionalis)

Mink Frog has a marbled look to it compared to the other frogs. It is only found in the UP.

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Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens) has regular circles around its body. It also has a complete dorsal ridge.

The Pickeral Frog appears similar to the Northern Leopard but they have rectangles on their back, not circles.

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Wood Frog (Rana sylvatica) is easy to tell apart from the other frogs in the state because of its racooon like mask around its eyes.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

The Blanchard Cricket Frog is the only cricket frog in the state. It does not have any distinct markings on its back.

These two frogs are identical besides their calls and chromosome numbers. These tree frogs are also larger than the ones below. Also note that Gray Tree Frogs are not always gray and can be green. They also have a yellow to orange color on their back legs.

Here is a video of some Eastern Gray Tree Frog males calling that I took


Spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer) is a tiny frog but incredibly loud frog. It has a noticeable X on its back that makes it easy to identify.


Western Chorus Frog (Pseudacris triseriata) 

The Western Chorus has 3 lines down its back usually which makes it easier to tell apart compared to the Spring Peeper and Cricket Frog.

The Boreal Chorus Frog and the Midland Chorus Frog appear very similar. They both have three lines down its back but the Boreal Chorus Frog has shorter hind legs. Also they are found in different areas of the state, Boreal Chorus Frog is found in the Upper Penninsula while the Western Chorus Frog is found in mainland Michigan.


True Toad Family – Bufonidae

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American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

Michigan has two species of true toads – the Fowler’s Toad and the American Toad. They look very much a like but there are some differences in the back of the head.


The American Toad’s parotid gland is separated from the craniel crest while the Fowler’s Toad’s touches.

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