Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Michigan

Frogs and Toads of Michigan

If you are looking to identify a specific frog and can’t figure it out from the page, you can check my Frog Identification and see how to contact me about helping you out.

To see the frogs and toads located in just the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, click the link.

Frogs

True Frog Family – Ranidae

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

American Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)

Common Name: American Bullfrog
Scientific Name:
Rana catesbeiana
Location:
Breeding Season:

The American Bull Frog has no dorsal ridge on the side of their body and is larger at maturity than the Green Frog.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Green Frog (Rana clamitans)

Common Name: Green Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana clamitans
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Green Frog has a dorsal ridge down the side of its body which differs from the American Bullfrog.

mink_frog

Mink Frog (Rana septrentionalis)

Common Name: Mink Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana septrentionalis
Location:
Upper Peninsula
Breeding Season:

Mink Frog has a marbled look to it compared to the other frogs.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Northern Leopard Frog (Rana pipiens) 

Common Name: Northern Leopard Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana pipiens
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Northern Leopard Frog has regular circles around its body. It also has a complete dorsal ridge.

Common Name: Pickeral Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana palustris
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Pickeral Frog appears similar to the Northern Leopard but they have rectangles on their back, not circles.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Wood Frog (Rana sylvatica) 

Common Name: Wood Frog
Scientific Name:
Rana sylvatica
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Wood Frog is easy to tell apart from the other frogs in the state because of its racooon like mask around its eyes.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

Common Name: Blanchard’s Cricket Frog
Scientific Name:
Acris blanchardi
Location:
Breeding Season:

The Blanchard Cricket Frog is the only cricket frog in the state. It does not have any distinct markings on its back.

Common Name: Eastern Gray Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Hyla versicolor
Location:
Breeding Season:

These two frogs are identical besides their calls and chromosome numbers. These tree frogs are also larger than the ones below. Also note that Gray Tree Frogs are not always gray and can be green. They also have a yellow to orange color on their back legs.

Here is a video of some Eastern Gray Tree Frog males calling that I took

Common Name: Cope’s Gray Tree Frog
Scientific Name:
Hyla chrysoscelis
Location:
Breeding Season:

peeper

Spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer)

The Sprig Peeper is a tiny frog but incredibly loud frog. It has a noticeable X on its back that makes it easy to identify.

Common Name: Spring Peeper
Scientific Name:
Pseudacris crucifer
Location:
Breeding Season:

midlandchorusfrog

Western Chorus Frog (Pseudacris triseriata)

Common Name: Western Chorus Frog
Scientific Name:
Pseudacris triseriata
Location:
Mainland
Breeding Season:

The Western Chorus has 3 lines down its back usually which makes it easier to tell apart compared to the Spring Peeper and Cricket Frog.

Common Name: Boreal Chorus Frog
Scientific Name:
Pseudacris maculata
Location:
Upper Peninsula
Breeding Season:

The Boreal Chorus Frog and the Midland Chorus Frog appear very similar. They both have three lines down its back but the Boreal Chorus Frog has shorter hind legs. Also they are found in different areas of the state.

Toads

True Toad Family – Bufonidae

The True Toads are your typical toad. They usually have a parotid gland behind their eyes that contain a poison called  It is not advised to let your dog eat these guys.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

Common Name: American Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus americanus
Location:
Breeding Season:

Common Name: Fowler’s Toad
Scientific Name:
Anaxyrus fowleri
Location:
Breeding Season:

Michigan has two species of true toads – the Fowler’s Toad and the American Toad. They look very much a like but there are some differences in the back of the head.

bufo-cranial

The American Toad’s parotid gland is separated from the craniel crest while the Fowler’s Toad’s touches.

Leave a Reply