Frogs by State

Frogs and Toads of Florida

Frogs and Toads of Florida

Florida is home to a vast amount of frogs and toads. Even some invasive species of frogs have taken home here.

Frogs

True Frog Family – Ranidae

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Green Frog (Lithobates clamitans)
Bullfrog
American Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus)
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Pig Frog (Lithobates grylio)

The American Bullfrog is the largest frog in the North America. It looks very similar to the Green Frog, but the dorsal ridge wraps around the tympanum while the Green Frog’s dorsal ridge is incomplete and does not extend all the way to its rear. The American Bullfrog is also very similar to the Pig Frog, but the Pig Frog has bolder spots / stripes on the back of its thighs while the Bullfrog has light spots.

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Florida Bog Frog (Lithobates okaloosae)

The Florida Bog Frog is the smallest frog in the genus Lithobates. It has a light colored dorsal ridge that stops a little short of the groin. They have a yellow throat.

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River Frog  (Lithobates heckscheri)

River Frog does not have a dorsal ridge which is a key identification characteristic. Its skin is also a lot more rough and wrinkly than another true frogs.

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Southern Leopard Frog  (Lithobates sphenocephalus)

The Southern Leopard Frog has large spots on its body. The skin is smoot and the Leopard Frog has a complete dorsal ridge.

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Carpenter Frog (Lithobates virgatipes)

Carpenter Frog is identifiable because of their brown color and two yellow lines that run down their back.

Florida Gopher Frog (Lithobates capito aesopus)

The Florida Gopher Frog is a subspecies of the Gopher Frog. The dorsal ridge is nearly complete and the skin is rough.

Tree Frog Family – Hylidae

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Northern Cricket Frog
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Southern Chorus Frog

The Cricket Frogs look really similar but there’s a few ways to tell them apart. The Southern Cricket Frog, , has a more pointed snout while the Northern Cricket Frog, , has a more blunt snout. The Southern Cricket Frog doesn’t have as much webbing on the back legs as the Northern Cricket Frog.

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Spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer) 

The Spring Peeper is a small semi-arboreal frog that has a distinct X shape on its back.

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Ornate Chorus Frog

The Ornate Chorus Frog has a stripe through its eye and down its side. The stripe is often broken. It does not have any stripes on its back.

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Little Grass Frog (Pseudacris ocularis)

Little Grass frog has three lines down its back but lacks white around the lips that the Upland and Southern Chorus frog have.

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Upland Chorus Frog (Pseudacris feriarum)

The Upland Chorus Frog has three lines down its back that are often broken.

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Southern Chorus Frog (Pseudacris nigrita)

The Southern Chorus Frog has three lines down its back but it’s skin is darker than the Upland Chorus Frog and Little Grass Frog.

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Pine Barrens Frog (Hyla andersonii)

Pine Barrons Tree Frog is identifiable because of its purple stripe from its eye down its side.

Bird Voiced Frog (Hyla avivoca)
GrayTreeFrog
Cope Gray Tree Frog (Hyla chrysoscelis)
Pinewoods Frog (Hyla femoralis)

Cope’s Gray Tree Frogs, Pinewoods Frog, and the Bird-Voiced Frog look very much a like. The difference is the coloration on the inner thigh. Cope’s Gray Tree Frog has brighter orange color on the thigh while the Bird-Voiced Frog is more greenish-yellow. The Pinewoods Frog has dots / spots on the inner thigh.

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Barking Tree Frog (Hyla gratiosa)
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Green Tree Frog (Hyla cinerea)
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Squirrel Tree Frog  (Hyla squirella)

The Green Tree Frog, Squirrel Tree Frog, and Barking Tree Frog are all very similar. The Barking Tree Frog has much rougher skin than the others. The Green Tree Frog has a white line down its side.

Toads

True Toad Family  – Bufonidae

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Southern Toad (Anaxyrus terrestris)

The Southern Toad has very pronounced cranial crest on its head.

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Fowler’s Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri)

The Fowler’s Toad and Southern Toad look kinda alike but the cranial crest isn’t as pronounced.

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Oak Toad (Anaxyrus quercicus)

The Oak Toad is the smallest toad in the state. They have a line down its back and has orange on its bottom of its feet.

Spadefoot Toad Family – Scaphiopodidae

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Eastern Spadefoot Toad (Scaphiopus holbrookii)

The Eastern Spadefoot Toad is the only Spadefoot toad in Florida. They have a spade on their rear feet that helps them burrow.

Narrow Mouth Toad Family – Microhylidae

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Eastern Narrow Mouth Toad (Gastrophryne carolinensis)

The Eastern Narrow Mouthed Toad is the only narrow mouthed toad in the state of Florida. Their distinct narrow head makes it easy to identify.

Introduced Species

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Cane Toad (Rhinella marina)

The Cane Toad is a highly invasive toad. They were introduced around the world to help with fighting insects on plants. They are one of the largest toad in the world which allows them to be able to eat numerous amounts of animals. The Cane Toad is also very toxic which harms wild animals and pets that try to eat them.

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Greenhouse Frog (Eleutherodactylus planirostris)

The Green House Frog was accidentally introduced by shipments of plants, hence the name Green House Frog. They can eat native animal species.

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Cuban Tree Frog (Osteopilus septentrionalis)

The Cuban Tree Frog is a large tree frog from obviously Cuba. They have a gigantic appetite which causes them to be highly destructive to the ecosystem.

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